The higher the quality, the thicker the masi. Woodcarving is a dying art form in Fiji, another casualty of the modern era. The role of the woodcarver was highly specialized, and it was essential because of the cultural worth of the pieces he created. For example, the battle club was an important component of Fijian culture. It could not be bought at the mall; it had to be carved from a tree by a master carver.
In addition to being a work of art, a woodcarvings functioned as a key piece of equipment for fishing and hunting. It could also be used as money when traded with other villages.
Finally, woodcarving was a way for Fijians to express themselves through their environment. They would carve symbols into trees to mark their territory or to celebrate important events in their lives.
Over time, the need for woodcarvers increased, so they were hired by indigenous people all over the world where wood is found in large quantities - such as India, Indonesia, and Malaysia. In fact, some historians believe that the first Europeans traveled to Fiji via Indonesia!
Nowadays, most woodcarvings are sold to tourists in Fiji's hotels and restaurants. The art form is in danger of disappearing forever if nothing is done to save it. There are efforts under way to preserve some of the older carvings before they disappear forever.
The majority of traditional crafts are performed in villages, and village life remains the backbone of Fijian civilization. That isn't to suggest that contemporary living and the migration to cities haven't had an influence on Fiji's indigenous arts and handicrafts. It has clearly taken its toll. However, plans to develop tourism as a main industry have the potential to further undermine traditional ways of life for many Fijians.
Fiji's rural areas are home to most of the country's traditional artists. Carving is done primarily with axes and adzes; wood is hewed from surrounding forests. The tools used are generally not metalized; instead, they are carved and filed to produce the desired shape. Bone, shell, and even glass may be used for ornaments.
Wood is the primary material for building houses and other structures. Houses are usually made out of boughs and leaves tied together with liana (a vine like plant) using nails or stones as pegs. They are then covered with mats made out of cotton or hemp cloth. Sometimes grass is used instead.
Houses this kind of construction are found only in rural areas where timber is available. In towns and cities, people live in concrete or steel buildings that use materials manufactured by industrial machines. Traditional builders don't have access to these materials so they can't build such houses themselves.
Answer: One of the hallmarks of Japanese wood carving is that it appeals to a broad audience. Ukiyo was interested in the mundane aspects of existence. He painted scenes from daily life and told stories using animals and humans as characters. Artists used any number of materials on which to work, including wood, bamboo, ivory, bone, shell, and sometimes metal or stone.
In terms of style, there is no single school of Japanese woodcarving, but rather a variety of approaches, some more traditional than others. The most popular styles are ukiyo-e and kaigin.
Ukiyo-e is the name given to images produced for entertainment purposes during the Edo period (1603-1867). They often show scenes from daily life or mythology and are designed to be viewed from a distance so that their detail can be seen clearly. Ukiyo-e artists used a variety of techniques including painting, printmaking (woodblock printing), and sculpture to create their images.
Kaigin is the name given to the group of artists who worked in Kyoto during the late Muromachi period (1450-1573) and early Eiroku period (1572-1615).
Fiji has a rich and varied history. Archaeological investigations have revealed data about its early inhabitants and cannibalistic past, while other known sites on the islands commemorate the country's significance in international history, such as its role in defending the Pacific during World War II.
Modern-day Fiji was formed in 1874 after Australia wins control of the island nation from Britain. The Fijians fought against colonial rule, and once independence was granted, they demanded a greater share of power. This led to civil unrest that ended with over 1000 Fijians being killed by British soldiers.
Since then, Fiji has developed into a stable democracy. It joined the United Nations in 1970 and became a member state in 1987.
In addition to being a tropical paradise, Fiji is also home to some incredible archaeological sites. There are more than 70 historical monuments spread across the islands, many of which are still intact today. The best way to learn more about Fiji's history is by visiting some of these sites yourself.
Fiji's modern economy is based on tourism and trade. Suva, the capital, is a popular destination for travelers looking for beach resorts and vibrant nightlife.
About 80 percent of the population is made up of people who belong to one of the several ethnic groups that live in the country. The remainder of the population is mostly European or Asian.
Carving wood is a significant and long-established traditional artifact business. It has the ability to enhance the living conditions of millions of people. Woodcarving necessitates a high level of talent, inventiveness, and craftsmanship. Quality items can command hefty sums of money. However, even rough sketches or functional prototypes can be worth lots of cash if reproduced using industrial methods.
Woodcarvers have been prized throughout history for their skill at depicting animals, humans, and other subjects in wood. Carved figures are found in ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, Asia, and Africa. Modern practitioners include artists who carve as a hobby and community organizers who use their skills to decorate religious objects. There are also many amateur carvers who enjoy the challenge of creating beautiful pieces.
People everywhere have valued woodcarvings for their beauty and quality. Some famous examples include the Statue of Liberty, the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal, and the Lincoln Memorial.
In today's market, carved articles are popular gifts, souvenirs, and decorations for homes and businesses. They also make great personal collectors' items.
The woodcarving industry has grown over the years and now employs many people around the world. It provides an opportunity for artisans to display their talents and earn a reasonable living. In addition, carved items have become valuable investments that generate revenue year after year.