Grisi, Carlotta Carlotta Grisi, an Italian dancer who rose to fame in the mid-nineteenth century as a consequence of her performance in the ballet, was the first Giselle. On June 28th, 1841, the inaugural performance took held at the Theatre de l'Academie Royale de Musique in Paris. The choreographer was Jacques-Frédéric Lagrange and the music director was Giacomo Meyerbeer.
Grisi was followed by several other female dancers who all inspired their own ballets. Marie Taglioni introduced the art of ballet-dancing into Europe and America. Her most famous work is Le Rêve (The Dream), a ballet in three acts with pre-romantic poetry by Pierre Delair and Emmanuel Schönfelder. It was composed in 1824 and premiered on May 20th of that year at the Teatro di San Carlo in Naples. In 1825, this ballet became one of the first ever to be performed in New York City at the Park Theater. Also in 1825, Ludwig van Beethoven's only full-length ballet score, The Creatures of Prometheus, was premiered by Count Almaviva's theatre company in Vienna. This work has been regarded as the first true opera bouffe (or comic operatic scene). In it, various characters from Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream are mixed together without any regard for dramatic consistency.
E.5033-1968 Museum No. The four most famous Romantic ballerinas, Marie Taglioni, Carlotta Grisi (1819–1899), Fanny Cerrito (1817–1909), and Lucile Grahn (1819–1907), performed together on the London stage in Jules Perrot's Pas de Quatre in 1845. Fanny Cerrito, a ballerina and choreographer, was born in Naples in 1817. She came to England with her family when she was only eight years old and became one of the leading dancers at the Royal Ballet from 1842 to 1899. She is regarded as one of the founders of the modern school of dance because of her emphasis on natural movement.
She died in London at the age of 70 after an illness of just six weeks. Cause of death was reported as "general paralysis".
Fanny Cerito is known for introducing several important changes into classical ballet that are still used today. For example, she is thought to have been the first dancer to use double pirouettes and arabesques in her ballets. She also designed many of her own steps, such as the trampoline spin that is used by many contemporary dancers to this day.
Cerito's achievements were not recognized until much later. When she died in 1899, The Times newspaper wrote that she had been "a popular dancer at an early age but never attained any special distinction".
Gautier was a famed abandonne (one who submits or abandons oneself to something) of Romantic Ballet, composing numerous scenarios, the most famous of which is Giselle, whose first interpretation, ballerina Carlotta Grisi, was his great love. He married her sister Ernestina, a singer, because she could not return his feelings. When Carlotta died in 1833, Giselle became his obsession; he dreamed it would be performed after his death. It was first presented by its creators, at the Paris Opera on 23 January 1841, with Carlotta's brother Guillaume Grisi in the role of Alwa. The work is considered one of the masterpieces of the Romantic era.
Gautier wrote the music and Léo Delibes wrote the book. The ballet tells the story of Giselle, a beautiful princess who lives in the forest with her family. She dreams about a handsome man named Tristan who appears in her dream every night. One day Giselle sees him riding through the woods and follows him into the river where he tries to kill himself because he has been cursed by a witch. Giselle saves him and they fall in love. But when she learns that he is engaged to another woman, she commits suicide. After her death, Giselle's father decides to marry again for money, but instead finds Tristan waiting for him at the altar. They rejoice that Giselle has found peace and live happily ever after.
Ballet's history began about 1500 in Italy. "Ballet" and "ball" are derived from the Italian word "ballare," which means "to dance." When Catherine de Medici of Italy married King Henry II of France, she imported early dancing genres into French court life. These include a form of stock dancing called "baletty" or "balletie." The Italians adapted and renamed it "balletto."
The first known reference to a European who performed for a living is Balletino, whose name appears in an inventory of 1553 as a Spanish dancer at the court of Philip II. Before him, there had been many itinerant performers of various types of music and dances, but they were not considered artists.
It wasn't until much later that people started calling these dancers "ballet masters". The first recorded use of this term is by the French poet Pierre Corneille in 1647. He described one of his characters as un balette, which means "a ballerina" - probably based on the fact that she danced with balls made from bladders filled with air.
In Russia, a ballet master is called a "vakhturnik". This comes from the verb "to vakhtus", which means "to teach". It originally referred to someone who taught children dancing moves for different dances.