Although it is not as hard as beech, it is still a very robust wood that is excellent for steam bending. Red oak has a variable density and might have a modest blunting impact on cutters. It takes stains nicely and may be polished to a good sheen. Beech is more durable than white oak. Beech tools last well and are suitable for many projects.
Oak is generally considered to be stronger than beech. Oak trees can grow up to 220 feet high while beech trees usually don't exceed 150 feet in height. However, because of its delicate nature, white oak is commonly used for outdoor furniture and decorative items where its fine texture is an advantage. The strong, straight timber of the red oak is useful for making barrels and other large objects.
While beech is found in the United States, Europe, and Asia, white oak is limited to North America.
The term "stronger" is a subjective one. What is strong for one person may not be strong enough for someone else. But if you look at statistics on lumber usage, oak is typically used for supporting heavy loads, which would make it stronger. Also, beech's tendency to sap into candles makes it unsuitable for burning elements within wicks.
In terms of weight, beech averages about 50 pounds per cubic foot while oak averages about 90 pounds per cubic foot.
In terms of hardness, birch is approximately 25% softer than oak. Beech wood, which is found in the same locations as birch wood, is light in color but may also have pink and amber tones. It has the same hardness as oak and a consistent look that complements modern décor quite well. Beech is used for furniture making, paneling, and even musical instruments such as guitars and violins.
While beech is less hardy than oak, it will not splinter as easily and is suitable for tools that are not subjected to heavy use. Beech is used for items like boxes and crates because it does not decay as quickly as other woods. However, beech should not be used for cooking utensils or beverages because it will release chemicals into food that can cause nausea or diarrhea.
Birch and beech are very similar trees that grow in North America. They can be distinguished by their bark which has different colors and textures. The sap within beech trees is toxic if ingested so care should be taken not to eat tree trimmings or leaves that have fallen to the ground. Birch trees' sap is not harmful when swallowed.
People used beech and birch trees extensively for many purposes during prehistoric times. Beech nuts were eaten after they were removed from the tree because the shell was thought to be poisonous. The wood of both trees was used for tools and weapons, while the seeds were used as currency.
It is more resilient and tougher than red oak. Birch: The hue of birch may range from pale yellow to dark brownish red. Although it is softer than red oak, it is nevertheless a sturdy wood. It has a natural insect resistance and has almost the same hardness as red oak. Used for outdoor furniture and toys that are exposed to the elements, such as sandboxes and skateboards.
Oak: Oak is a hardwood that grows in clusters of trees, with leaves and acorns that fall out when mature. The color of oak varies depending on the type of wood and how it is grown or harvested. White oak is most commonly used for furniture making because of its light weight and soft texture. Black oak is more durable than white oak and is often used for building projects that require strong wood. Red oak is harder than black or white oak and is commonly used for tools and other products where high quality wood is needed. As with many woods, each tree will vary in flavor and scent. A sweet aroma is given off by all types of oak when they are freshly cut. This fragrance disappears over time as the wood dries out.
As you can see, both oak and birch are excellent choices for outdoor furniture. If you want your furniture to last longer, choose oak because it's more resistant to insects and aging. However, if you want a piece of furniture that is easy to clean then go with birch because it won't stain as easily.