What is the significance of the sculpture above? The French people were so touched by it that it became known as "The Marseillaise." It was created by Michel-Ange Le Dole to honor the city of Marseille.
In 1791, the French government ordered that all citizens should learn it by heart. Ever since then, it has been used as a national anthem, when France is being praised for its heroes or when mourning for those who died fighting for their country.
Also, it is used as a marching song by soldiers in military parades.
Finally, it is used as a farewell song by soldiers going off to war.
How many lines are in the Marseillaise? There are three parts to the Marseillaise: a verse, a chorus and an interlude. Here are the words of the first two verses:
Oh, what a beautiful day! Oh, what a wonderful time!
It is 7 o'clock in the morning; the sun is out, the sky is blue. Everything indicates that today will be a glorious day. However, soon this joy will turn into sorrow because today is the day of battle.
... France in 1875, under the direction of the sculptor Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi. The monument was made of copper sheets that were manually hammered into shape before being put over a structure of four massive steel supports built by Eugene-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc and Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel. The completed work was shown to the public for the first time on July 4, 1877, in a ceremony attended by President Louis-Eugène Cavaignac and many other French officials.
After many delays due to financial problems, the monument was finally opened to the public on May 24, 1879. It took nearly five years and a large amount of money to complete the project. The cost was estimated at about $150,000 ($1.5 million in today's dollars), but may have been much more because no detailed records were kept at the time.
Bartholdi died in 1886, but his wife did not want to sell the rights to the statue so she passed them on to her friend, Charles Dennery, who owned a newspaper called La Tribune de Paris. Dennery decided to give a small bronze copy of the statue as a gift to Paris so people could see what the original looked like before it was cast in iron. But he never paid Bartholdi for the use of his design so the artist had no choice but to go to court to get his money back.
It is said that the first sculptures were created to aid hunters while they were out hunting. Sculptures evolved over antiquity, and by the dawn of civilization, they were being utilized to portray gods. Sculptors throughout history have used their skills to create figures that have been used as a form of religious worship.
What other reasons are there for sculpting? There are many reasons why people sculpt: some want to create works of art, others want to honor someone special or even themselves. Some sculpt to sell products or services; others do it for fun.
People have been sculpting since ancient times. Many cultures have had sculptors who were considered great artists. In modern times, people still use their skills to create statues that are placed on public display or within private collections.
Statues are used in many ways. They can be placed in parks or at monuments to show respect for certain people, places, or events in history. Statues also can be used to decorate homes, businesses, and other public spaces.
There are different types of statues including bronze, wood, stone, and clay. Each type of statue has its own benefits and drawbacks. For example, clay statues are easy to make but not as durable as other materials such as stone or metal.
Auguste Bartholdi, a French artist, backed de Laboulaye's vision and began creating the monument of "Liberty Enlightening the World" in 1870. In 1871, while creating the monument, Bartholdi visited the United States. During the journey, Bartholdi chose Bedloe's Island as the location for the statue. He also designed the Statue of Liberty National Monument.
Bartholdi died in 1902 and the statue was completed in 1910 by his son, Emmanuel. The total cost of the project was $7 million (about $98 million in 2007).
Bedloe's Island is located in New York City's East River between Manhattan and Queens. It is named after David W. Bedell, who owned the land before it was acquired by the city. The island was once part of the site of Fort Schuyler and then part of a military reservation until it was converted into a public park in 1872.
The statue stands about 45 feet high and weighs approximately 725 pounds. Its arms are bent at the elbows, holding an illuminated torch above its head. The torch has been called the "celestial lantern" because it emits light by electricity which comes from the battery housed inside the base of the statue's outstretched arm. The interior of the arm is hollow to contain the battery and light bulb that illuminate the torch.
The torch is composed of three parts: the crown, the body, and the tail.
Bartholdi created the monument in 1870 at the request of liberal jurist Edouard de Laboulaye (1811–83), with engineering assistance from initially Eugene Viollet-le-Duc (1814–79) and then Gustave Eiffel (1832–1923).
Viollet-le-Duc was a French architect who is best known for his work on several buildings designed by Napoleon III. He was hired by Bartholdi to help design the Statue of Liberty. Before he joined the project, Bartholdi had already begun designing the statue. When asked by journalists how he imagined the statue would be received by the public, Bartholdi replied: "The people everywhere will love it. They will feel proud to have given life to a thing so beautiful and noble."
After leaving the project, Viollet-le-Duc published a book in 1872 describing the process behind building the statue. The book included a chapter entitled "How Is the Statue of Liberty Going to Stand?" In it, he explained that the base of the statue would be made of granite but that the body would be made of iron because iron can easily be worked into any shape required for particular applications.
It is estimated that it took more than 1,000 workers around the world over four years to complete the sculpture. Many of them were immigrants who came to America's new country through the labor recruitment program called "the American System".