The Baroque period is well-known for its pieces with polyphonic texture. In reality, it is considered as the final. No other age of music has employed such a sophisticated texture in the bulk of its pieces since. The word "polyphonic" comes from the Greek words meaning many voices. It refers to the fact that most Baroque compositions include more than one voice singing at a time, either simultaneously or sequentially. The multiple voices are usually those of an instrumental group, but also often include voices from the choir.
During this era, musicians began to use techniques such as trills, tremolos, and vibratos to create a sense of movement within their music. They also started to use accidentals (notations indicating which note is played when more than one sound is involved) instead of relying completely on pitch to tell time. Finally, they started to use rhythmic patterns called mensural notation that show how each part of the song should be played against a consistent background pulse.
These techniques combined created a rich atmosphere that was experienced by listeners when listening to Baroque music. The textures used by the composers of this era were extremely complex and demanding, yet they managed to do so while keeping a clear melody line that could be followed without distraction.
Early baroque composers preferred homophonic textures over the polyphonic textures seen in Renaissance music. They also tended to use simple harmonic progressions instead of the more complex modal harmony used by their late Renaissance predecessors.
Homophony is the simultaneous sounding of a single note or chord. In early baroque music, this is done primarily with plainchant (psalm singing) or instrumental pieces. The absence of polyphony makes early baroque music rather rigid and formal.
Simplicity is another characteristic of early baroque music. The composers tried to avoid ornamentation and decoration as much as possible - even when performing works by Josquin des Prez or Orlando di Lasso! This desire for simplicity leads many people to believe that early baroque music is boring! However, since most of the music was written for religious services, it has a spiritual quality that may not be apparent from just listening to the music alone.
Harmony is the relationship that exists between notes or chords. Harmonies are classified according to which note they resolve to (come back after moving down a scale degree). There are two main types of harmonies used in early baroque music: diatonic and chromatic.
Baroque music (UK: /[email protected]'rak/ or US: /[email protected]'roUk/) is an era or style of Western art music that was written between 1600 and 1750. This era followed the Renaissance music era, which was followed by the Classical era, with the galant style bridging the gap between the Baroque and Classical eras.
The word "baroque" comes from Portugal where it was first used to describe French Rococo design. In music, it refers to a style that took its name from Portuguese words for "broken" or "irregular" - "brágico" (magnificent) and "súbito" (sudden). The term was coined in the early 19th century by German critics who found some of Mozart's works too radical for their taste.
The baroque style is characterized by complex contrapuntal writing, dramatic expression, and large-scale structure. Key instruments include the harpsichord, organ, celesta, and bassoon. Female voices are also important in baroque music, especially those of the oratorio genre. The most famous composer of oratorios is Bach, but others include Telemann, Graun, Handel, and Hayden.
In addition to being one of the most important musical styles of the 18th century, baroque music has had an influential role in later centuries as well.
A steady, driving pulse, extensive melodic lines (sometimes extended by the use of repeated ascending or descending melodic patterns known as sequences), and thick textures are some of the characteristics of the late Baroque style.
The early Baroque era was characterized by the development of instrumental techniques and the appearance of ensembles of instruments playing together (consort). During the later part of the Baroque period, composers began to create a new type of music that was for the most part solo instrumentation with the addition of small groups of instruments performing interlocking parts (chamber music). The late Baroque is an important stage in the evolution of Western art music: while still rooted in Renaissance polyphonic practice, it begins to break free from its constraints by using more independent sections of music, such as melodies and rhythmic figures, which leads to the development of classical style at the end of the century.
One can say that the most recognizable characteristic of late Baroque music is its steady, driving pulse. It is interesting to note that while many early Baroque works are marked adagio (slow tempo), much later music is marked allegretto (light and quick) or vivace (fast tempo).
Music of Western art. Baroque music is a type of Western art music that was written between 1600 and 1750. This epoch followed the Renaissance, which was followed by the Classical epoch. Baroque music is characterized by its use of homophony (the repetition of identical notes), polyphony (the writing down of separate melodies at different times), instrumental coloration (the use of multiple instruments), and dramatic expression.
Barlow, Michael. Baroque Music: Its History and Hermeneutics. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996.
———. The Baroque Era: 1660-1720.
It is sometimes referred to as the Baroque's last phase, yet it varies from its predecessor in its intimate size, asymmetry, lightness, grace, and profuse use of curved natural shapes in embellishment. The term "Baroque" has been applied to many different types of art, including painting, sculpture, architecture, tapestry, jewelry-making, and furniture making. However, since its original application to music refers specifically to 17th-century Europe, it is not surprising that most examples of this art are found in that region.
The Baroque style was developed between about 1560 and 1720. It was an Italian term first used to describe the artistic movement that dominated European culture during that time period. The word "baroque" comes from a Portuguese word meaning "recessed" or "hidden". That is, it describes a style that uses much detail and is constructed with hidden lines and surfaces.
During the Baroque era, Italy was the center of gravity for high culture. All the great artists were Italian: Michelangelo, Raphael, Titian, and Giorgione. But while they were inspired by the antiquities of Greece and Rome, they created works that were uniquely Italian.
Their paintings often have a dramatic quality that sets them apart from other European artists of their day.