A Melbourne-based painter, photographer, and sculpture. Arkley was highly influenced by punk culture, suburbia, and domesticity while using the airbrush as his primary instrument. In 1980–81, he also developed a chair suite named "Muzak Mural Chair Tableau." Arkley represented Australia at the Venice Biennale in 1999. He has had three solo exhibitions with the Museum of Modern Art in New York, and his work is included in the collections of several other museums.
Arkley grew up in a middle-class family in Melbourne, Victoria. His father was an accountant and his mother worked as a dental nurse. He had two younger sisters. After graduating from high school, he initially wanted to be a musician but instead took up painting as his career. He said that he became interested in airbrushing while watching television reports on MTV about artists who used this technique to create images.
Initially, Arkley painted in a naive style, but then he began incorporating references to suburban life into his works. For example, he would use photographs of houses from brochures that came with the brushes he was given by Airwalks Ltd., which sold house decorations to hotels. Later on, he started making paintings based on interviews he conducted with friends or strangers. These conversations often produced interesting ideas for paintings that involved questions such as "What if someone stole your brain and used it as a weapon against you?" or "What if there was a way to see what people think of you?"
Background information and early influences Arkley, who had never been to an art gallery before, was so taken with Sidney Nolan's strange paintings of the Australian bush that he replicated images from the catalogue the next day using his father's household paint. Arkley sketched incessantly as a student. After winning a scholarship to the National Gallery School in London, he continued to draw but also took up watercolors and oil paints. Upon returning to Australia in 1951, he became one of the first members of the newly formed Sydney Group, which promoted modern art practices in Australia.
Arkley grew up around artists. His father was a doctor who also dabbled in painting and sculpture, and his mother was a painter and teacher. She encouraged her son to follow his dreams even if they weren't artistic ones-a lesson that would later help him build a successful business career.
Howard Arkley graduated from the University of Sydney with a degree in economics in 1964. He began work that same year as a research officer at the Reserve Bank of Australia, but soon quit to start a family law practice with a friend. However, the demands of practicing law were too much for Arkley, who felt that he could do better on his own. So he closed his firm and started afresh as a sole practitioner.
In 1972, Arkley decided to take a chance and rent an office space on Pitt Street in Sydney's fashionable city center.
Whiteley attended the Julian Ashton Art School in Sydney and traveled to Italy on a traveling art scholarship for many months. In the "Recent Australian Painting" exhibition (1961) at Whitechapel Gallery in London, he was an instant success. He had made several trips to Indonesia, where he collected material for several large paintings.
His first major solo show was at the Lansdowne Gallery in Melbourne in 1962. It was here that he began using the term "naive art" to describe his work. The term was originally coined by Dr. Kenneth Martin who was then director of the Museum of Modern Art in Sydney. Martin felt that because Whiteley's works lacked any obvious symbolism or narrative content they were more appropriate for display in a general arts gallery than in a museum of modern art.
In 1963, Whiteley met Dennis Diemage who became his long-term partner. They have two children together: a daughter named India and a son named Blake.
Diemage was also an artist and helped promote Whiteley's work. Together, they showed at many galleries across Australia and New Zealand.
In 1969, Whiteley had his first major exhibition in New York at the Sidney Janis Gallery. It was here that he became well-known worldwide as a painter of coastal scenery with a naive touch.
Archibald Modes of Experimentation/John Motley is a painting by Archibald Modes of Experimentation. It is in the collection of the National Gallery of Canada.
He was born in Edinburgh on 3 April 1770, the son of a wealthy merchant. He attended George Heriot's School and then studied art under William McTaggart at the Royal Academy in London. In 1793 he moved to Hamburg where he became a successful portrait painter. He returned to London after four years and became a member of the Royal Academy in 1802. He died in Brighton on 2 March 1833.
Motley's work reflects the influence of Goya and Reynolds. He spent several years in Spain studying art there from 1792 to 1800. When he returned to London, he developed a personal style with strong influences from Spanish painting.
His works are held by the British Museum, the National Gallery in London, and other major museums around the world.
After his death, his wife bought some paintings back from their Hamburg gallery to include in an exhibition in London. These were considered important enough for inclusion in the National Gallery collection today.