Surface details were important to Northern Renaissance painters, but linear perspective, symmetrical balance, and a clear feeling of mass were important to Italian Renaissance artists. The topics covered were likewise diverse. Religious settings, home interiors, and portraits were all painted by Northern Renaissance artists...
During the Italian Renaissance (1450-1550), artists in Italy began to use more refined techniques for painting on canvas or wood, with clearer colors and greater attention to detail than those used by their Northern European counterparts.
They also worked on larger scales than their Northern predecessors. A typical scene by an Italian artist would be about two feet high by four feet wide, while that of a Dutch painter would be about 1 foot by 2 feet.
Northern artists focused on real life; it was common for them to sit for their paintings. But Italian artists preferred to work from photographs or drawings. They also used their imagination when creating scenes that included imaginary people or animals.
Finally, Northern artists had no influence at all on later European art; they simply went their own way after 1500. Italian artists, on the other hand, have always been important factors in the history of painting.
Which of the following does not describe northern Renaissance artists? Italian painters exalted the human form, influenced by classical Greek and Roman art, whilst Northern artists concentrated on man's flaws. As a result, Northern paintings are often quite crude and unpleasant to look at, compared with their Italian counterparts.
They were also very interested in nature and used it as a source of inspiration. This can be seen in the many landscapes and seascapes that they painted. Also important is the fact that most of them were priests or monks who had no interest in painting for money - instead, they painted to inspire themselves and others with their faith in God.
Finally, they were very concerned with realism. Both Northern and Southern artists worked from life, but the Northern school was more interested in detail and accuracy than their Southern counterparts. They also used color much more freely than their Italian contemporaries.
These are just some of the differences between Northern and Southern artists of the Renaissance. All in all, they were equally important factors in the evolution of European painting.
The transition from the abstract forms of the medieval period to the representational forms of the 15th century is visible in Renaissance art. Northern European Renaissance art emphasizes fine detail as a technique of generating a realistic piece. Enameled metalware and painted cloths were used instead of stone or wood for tables and chairs. Gold, silver, and enamel were often used to decorate objects that would have been made of more mundane materials in previous times.
Renaissance artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo Buonarroti were innovators in military technology, anatomy, and painting. They provided a foundation for later painters like Caravaggio and Rubens. By analyzing how these artists worked and what they created, we can better understand the world around them and themselves as people.
During the Renaissance, many scholars and writers began to question the authority of the Church and old traditions. These questions led to new ways of thinking about society, politics, and religion. For example, artists started to assume that the human body was an accurate representation of the universe. This belief formed the basis for modern science.
Also during this time, commerce grew rapidly between Europe and Asia. Both parties wanted to make sure that their goods were sold efficiently so they needed a system to value each other's money.
What subjects did the Northern European Renaissance painters explore? Humanism, realism, and critique of institutionalized religion were all important factors. Humanism promoted a culture of learning and inquiry, while realism challenged the beliefs of its time by presenting physical evidence of the world around us.
Humanism was a movement in the 13th century that brought about an intellectual revolution that changed the way people thought about society and knowledge. It was based on the belief that mankind's greatest asset is our ability to think for ourselves and not rely on priests or rulers to tell us what to do. This philosophy was especially strong in Italy where it resulted in the creation of new universities (such as Florence) where students could ask questions about everything from science to theology without being punished for their opinions. This idea spread throughout Europe, resulting in a cultural awakening as artists, writers, and musicians began to explore different ways of thinking about life and the world around them.
Realism in art is the attempt to represent reality as accurately as possible. Until then, most art had been done for religious reasons. The Italian painter Giotto (1267-1337) is considered the father of realism because of his use of accurate detail and naturalistic settings in his paintings.
Early Renaissance (1400–1479): Artists learnt by imitating ancient artists, focusing on symmetry and beautiful form. Artists from this era included Giotto, Masaccio, and Donatello. The art's realism was enhanced by a rising concern in perspective and space. Late Renaissance (1520–1659): Art became more idealized, with greater focus on spirituality and religion. Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo were leading artists of this period.
Now comes the tricky part: Identifying specific years in which great artists worked is difficult because most paintings from this time aren't dated. But looking at styles of painting can help date works. For example, if you see lots of figures like those done by Giotto, they were probably painted around 1350. On the other hand, if you see lots of landscapes like those done by Leonardo da Vinci, they were probably painted several decades later, around 1490.
In general, early Renaissance art is very realistic, while late Renaissance art is more idealized. However, some people claim that all modern art is either early or late Renaissance!
Renaissance art flourished in Europe during the 1400s and 1500s. It started in Italy and spread to the rest of the continent.
Two main factors helped cause the Renaissance: Humanism and Christianity.
They are not flat, but rather convey bulk, and they frequently occupy a realistic environment rather than standing against a gold background, as certain figures in Middle Ages painting do. The new realism was influenced by classical models, especially during the Italian Renaissance.
Renaissance artists were eager to demonstrate their mastery over the modeling process and to offer their patrons paintings that were ambitious in size and scope. At first, they used small panels or three-dimensional objects, such as sculptures, to show how well they could reproduce reality with paint. As they gained experience, they moved on to larger works which required more time and effort to complete. A famous example is Leonardo da Vinci's "Mona Lisa", now housed in the Louvre museum in Paris. He began it in 1503 but never finished it; instead he sketched plans for another picture called "La Gioconda" (which means "the good-looking one"). Although this later work is also kept in the Louvre, it is less famous than "Mona Lisa" and has sometimes been called "Le Madonna della Seggiola" ("The Virgin on the Stool"), because when you look at it from a distance, it seems to be Leonardo using a drawing board to sketch her face.