Nonetheless, life comprises a variety of man-made or natural goods, such as cut flowers, fruit, vegetables, seafood, game, wine, and so on. Still life may be a celebration of material pleasures like food and wine, or it can be a warning about the fleeting nature of these joys and the length of human existence (see memento mori). A landscape is a visual scene consisting primarily of open space and visible structures such as buildings or trees.
In art history, the term "landscape" usually describes an entire work of art that is not portrait-related. However, since most landscapes include people or animals as part of their subject matter, they are rarely described as "still lifes."
Still lives are commonly thought to have originated in Italy during the 14th century. They are defined by their use of natural materials such as fruits, flowers, and vegetables for aesthetic purposes. Still lives were used by artists as teaching tools for demonstrating form, light, color, and texture.
During the 17th century, the word "landscape" began to be used instead. Landscapes are often views of natural scenes or objects within those scenes including architecture, plants, and even people. During this time, artists started using more artificial subjects for their paintings, which reduced the demand for still lives.
By the 19th century, still lives made up a large portion of every painter's workload.
A still life (plural: still lifes) is a work of art that depicts primarily inanimate subject matter, generally mundane things that are either natural (food, flowers, dead animals, plants, rocks, shells, etc.) or man-made (stones, rocks, shells, etc). (drinking glasses, books, vases, jewelry, coins, pipes, etc.). Still lives were popular from the 14th century to about 1750.
The word "still" here means "without movement". A moving object is called an "animated" still life or scene. Still lives are also called "representational" because the artist tries to show us what the item looks like in real life.
They are different from landscapes in that they don't show the Earth's surface but rather something inside the box/vessel on its bottom. Landscapes can be found everywhere while still lives are more common in European paintings during certain periods of time.
Also different from allegories in that still lives don't contain any hidden meanings nor do they try to tell us anything by showing things that are not there in reality. They just give us pleasure by making us think about how ordinary objects look when you paint them by themselves without any context or explanation.
Finally, still lives aren't portraits because they don't show one specific person but rather general types of people or animals.
1500s–1600s. Still life paintings are common and important in art history. They can be created in a variety of media, including oil on canvas, but are most commonly done in paint. Still life painting is often an essential part of a painter's training because it requires accurate observation, color discrimination, composition, value contrast, light reflection, shadow formation, and texture. Still life painting is also useful for developing the artist's skill in rendering objects that are far away or small.
Still life drawings for children are useful tools for developing the young artist's perception and expression of form, space, and detail. The artist starts with a simple shape (generally a cube or a ball) and adds details such as pieces of fruit, vegetables, or bones to enhance the scene's appearance. Then, using only lines, shapes, and darks to indicate form, the artist creates a two-dimensional image that conveys information about scale, value, and volume. Finally, by adding lights and shadows the artist brings dimension to the image.
Still life drawings for children can help develop the young artist's observation skills by showing them how to see familiar objects with new eyes.
Still life is a piece of art that uses largely inanimate subjects. Typically, the artists employ materials and things such as pebbles, food, dead animals, or processed materials such as books, jewelry, cins, pipes, and so on. Still lives were popular in Europe from about 1450 to 1750.
In literature, a still life describes a painting or sculpture that illustrates the arrangement of objects not necessarily related to each other. The word still comes from the Latin stilus, a stick, because these paintings usually include at least one object such as a fruit, flower, book, tool, etc. that serves as reference for all the others arranged around it. Still lives are often used to illustrate texts about plants, minerals, and other natural products. They were also important in 15th-century Italy for their use as taxidermies.
In music, a still life is a musical composition that uses instruments, techniques, or material from more than one category (e.g., acoustic and electronic). In general, it is considered a subgenre of concert work. Still lives date back at least to Antonio Vivaldi's Le Streghe (The Witches) of 1725 and have been widely used since then, especially by 20th-century composers.
In photography, a still life is a photograph that focuses on objects not involved in some type of action or scene shooting.