The movement of the dancers across physical space, encompassing both horizontal and vertical directionality, is referred to as space. The movement of dancers through time, especially in connection to music, pace, meter, or rhythm, is referred as as time. Together, space and time make up dance movement.
Dancers use their bodies to express ideas and emotions. In doing so, they move through space using various techniques, such as walking, jumping, leaping, and falling. This moving through space is called choreography. When you watch a dance performance, you are watching someone else's interpretation of space and time. You can think of this interpretation as ideas for movements that have been pre-choreographed by the dancer's coach. Then, during the performance, the dancer reacts to the music, the partner, and the audience to bring the idea into reality.
In addition to expressing ideas and emotions, dancers also aim to inspire and engage an audience. To do this, they need to know how to move through space in ways that are appealing to viewers. Dancers study how other people move and try to copy those moves. They also watch popular performances and learn from them what works (and what does not) when moving through space on stage.
People have different perceptions of beauty and dance. Some prefer athletic dancing while others like lyrical dances. Some find strong movements effective while others enjoy slow and steady dances.
Refers to the area in which the dancer's body moves (general or personal space, level, size, direction, pathway, focus). Time is used in both musical and dancing contexts (beat, tempo, speed, rhythm, sudden, slow, sustained). Space is also used to describe the distance between objects or people (physical and intellectual), or even their attitude toward one another.
In music, space is the absence of sound. In dance, space is the absence of physical contact or interaction between partners.
There are two types of space: relative space and absolute space. Relative space describes the position of one object with respect to another object or group of objects. For example, if a person is standing next to a wall, that person has no direct physical contact with the wall but still feels the effects of gravity acting on it. The wall makes up part of the person's relative space. Absolute space does not feel the effects of gravity; it is beyond the reach of human senses. Physics professor John Geiger says, "Absolute space is what you get when you remove all matter from the universe." It exists independently of any material object.
So, space can be described as the absence of something- whether it be sound, touch, or physical objects. In dance, space can also refer to the area where movement occurs.
Edited from Creative Dance. Elements of Dance Space: refers to the space through which the dancer's body moves (general or personal space, level, size, direction, pathway, focus). Time is applied as both musical and dance elements (beat, tempo, speed, rhythm, sudden, slow, sustained). Body position is the starting point for all dancing (location in space), so it is important to understand its role before studying other aspects such as movement quality, expression, interpretation, etc.
Elements include posture, step, gesture, motion, balance, alignment, force, pace, rhythm, tone, touch, velocity, weight, and variety. These elements are used in a wide range of dances from classical ballet to hip hop. Even within a single dance genre elements may be combined in different ways to create new works for performance or recordation.
The word "element" comes from the Greek eikon, which means image or representation. In music, an element is a distinct part or portion that contributes to the composition as a whole. In dance, elements are the basic components of artistry that must be present in any work for them to be recognized as such. Although many combinations of elements can produce new works, only a few will have significance for their originator. The following are examples of elements in dance: posture, step, gesture, motion, balance, alignment, force, pace, rhythm, tone, touch, velocity, weight, and variety.
Dancers connect with space in a variety of ways. They may stay in one location or travel from one location to another. They have the ability to change the direction, level, size, and route of their travels. Dancers may also direct their moves toward objects or natural situations. For example, they may dance up a wall or across the floor to other dancers or musicians.
Space is used in many different ways by dancers. They can use it as protection, escape routes, and means of attack or defense. Space is also important to learn how to control your body properly while dancing. A dancer should never be in danger while on stage because there is not enough room for someone to hurt you.
When learning new steps or sequences, it is helpful to know where you are going with each movement. This will help you avoid collisions with other dancers or equipment and ensure that you keep the flow of the piece intact.
Ballet uses space extremely well. The more you watch ballets, the more you will see things you had no idea were possible. There are many tricks used by dancers that create spaces when no words are spoken between performers. You must listen carefully if you want to understand how dances are put together.
Dancers employ locomotor motions to traverse about the space they share with others in general space. Dancers in self-space employ non-locomotor motions to dance in situ. Locomotion can be done freely in space or on a surface (on foot or not). It can also be constrained by elements placed in the space, such as ropes or bars. Constrained movements are often called danced moves.
Dancing in general space involves using one's body to communicate ideas and feelings to other people. Dancers may want to express themselves through movement, such as when dancing for pleasure or at an event. They may also use movement to encourage other dancers to participate in specific activities, such as when learning new moves or following an instructor's commands.
General space refers to that part of the room where no partner is standing; it is usually considered part of the surrounding area too. A dancer might use walls, furniture, or even other dancers to avoid touching another person while moving together.
In most social dances, dancers engage in various types of movements on the floor to music. These dances are usually enjoyed by participants of all ages and abilities because they don't require much physical ability to take part in.
For site-based performances, dances are sometimes designed for specific venues, such as an elevator or a raft on a lake. For street dances, dancers can choose where they want to go by communicating through gestures, words, and body movements.
Dancers use space to set up patterns or designs. These may be simple shapes like circles or squares, or more complex arrangements such as lattices or cages. Dancers often work together to create these designs. For example, two dancers might stand back-to-back so that their bodies form a bridge over which they can pass objects back and forth.
Dancers also use space to communicate ideas. With just their movement patterns, dancers can tell others what type of dance it is, who the dancer is, and even what mood the dance is supposed to convey. For example, if a dancer starts to walk slowly toward the audience, this is a sign that the dance is becoming more intimate.
Dancers also use space to protect themselves from danger. If someone tries to attack them, they can move out of the way easily by traveling across a large area. This allows them time to escape unharmed.
Finally, dancers use space to gain advantage over their opponents.