Relief is a sculptural method in which the components that are sculpted stay connected to a solid background of the same material. The word "relief" is derived from the Latin verb "relevo," which means "to rise." A relief sculpture gives the idea that the sculpted material has been lifted above the backdrop plane. Sculptors often use tools such as knives, drills, and chisels to create shapes in their subjects.
All over the world artists have used relief carving as a technique for decorating buildings. In ancient Egypt, for example, sculptors carved images from stone that were then painted luminous colors. These paintings are still very much alive today because they do not wear out like those created with other methods. In Europe, sculptors used wood as a medium for relief decoration of buildings. The carvings can be seen on churches built between 1100 and 1500 AD in France, Germany, and Italy.
In the United States, relief carving was popular among artists who wanted to express themselves without covering up the whole surface of their works-of-art with paint. They would carve only the figures or objects they wanted to display and leave the rest of the surface white so that it could be seen through. This method was used by many artists including Edward Hopper, Grant Wood, and Henry Moore.
Today, relief carving is used mainly for functional art.
Relief sculpture is a complicated art style that incorporates elements from both the two-dimensional pictorial arts and the three-dimensional sculptural arts. On the one hand, a relief, like a painting, is supported by a surface, and its composition must be stretched into a plane in order to be visible. On the other hand, a relief is created by shaping a third dimension onto an existing form, much like a sculpture. Thus, it is a type of artwork that combines features of both painting and sculpture.
Reliefs are often used as decorative elements on buildings or monuments because of their ability to convey information while also being attractive. They can tell stories through imagery and sometimes even text. Or they may simply be objects of beauty in themselves. The ancient Egyptians were among the first artists to use relief sculpture for decorative purposes. They carved images from stone and wood and painted them using colors derived from natural sources such as crushed shells or minerals. These paintings would then be covered with a transparent resin which would harden into the final product.
In modern times, relief sculpture has many forms. It can be found in public art installations, such as monument sculptures and murals. It can also be seen in museums, where it helps to explain how humans evolved through time by looking at fossils. Finally, it can be observed in private homes, where it serves as decoration for living rooms and bathrooms. Relief sculpture is an important element in designing these spaces because it can help tell a story without words.
In sculpture, relief, also known as relievo (from the Italian relievevare, "to elevate"), is any work in which the figures project from a supporting background, generally a plane surface. The height of the figures' projection or separation from the backdrop is used to classify reliefs. If the figures are very close-up images of small objects, such as flowers or coins, they are called miniatures or micro-reliefs.
Reliefs are often represented in art: on tombstones, on monuments, and in religious architecture. They also appear in non-religious buildings such as cabinets of curiosities, scientific instruments, and antique furniture. In theater, film, and television, relief can be used to describe a scene that takes place over several shots without using crosscutting.
In photography, relief printing is a method of making prints by applying multiple layers of liquid photopolymer resin onto a flat surface, exposing each layer individually with different parts of the photo, and then combining all the exposed layers into one print.
In printed circuit boards (PCBs), relief structures are used to create interconnecting vias between the surfaces of the board and its inside. A via is a hole that connects two opposite sides of the board; usually there are multiple holes per side in order to connect all the circuits on that side. Vias are created by drilling holes through the board and filling them with conductive material.