This garden style, inspired by the coastal areas of Spain, Italy, and France, mixes relaxing materials and plants with formal accents and patterns. A Mediterranean landscape's plant palette includes plants that add texture, color, and structure, such as lavender, cypress trees, and decorative grasses. This blend of formality and relaxation makes this garden style perfect for any home in the sun-soaked California desert.
The term "Mediterranean garden" was first used by John Claudius Loudon in his book "The Garden: Its History, Theory and Practice" published in 1838. The book described a garden that had elements of both English and French gardens at the time. It is likely that Loudon based his description on gardens he saw in southern Europe rather than those in northern Europe like London at the time.
Loudon's book became very popular and helped bring about a revival of interest in gardening after years of war and economic depression. His advice on soil, water, and fertilizer management were also very useful then, as they still are today. He also suggested using white pigment on paths, walls, and buildings to make them appear brighter on a sunny day when colors would be more apparent.
In modern times, the Mediterranean garden style has become popular again because of its unique combination of forms, textures, and colors. This garden style works well in small spaces and does not require much maintenance other than watering during dry periods.
Creating a Mediterranean-style garden requires some expertise and imagination, but there are many great Spanish gardens to draw inspiration from. Visit your local botanical gardens to discover what may be done with locally produced plants and flowers. When you get home, try creating your own version of the Mediterranean garden.
Mediterranean gardens are famous for their simplicity and clarity. The essence of this style can be found in any good garden center plant section, where you will find only sun-loving plants that do not require much attention from the gardener. These plants include mums (especially silk moths), roses, hydrangeas, geraniums, lobelias, verbena, salvia, scillas, and violets.
Silk moths are easy to grow and require little water or fertilizer, so they are perfect for the Mediterranean climate. They start flowering early in spring and continue through late fall when frost is expected. Their main drawback is that they are not self-sufficient and need frequent cutting back to promote new growth. However, this simply means more blooms!
Roses are one of the most popular plants in Mediterranean gardens. There are hundreds of varieties available, so you should have no trouble finding something suitable for your garden. Most types of rose require full sunlight and well-drained soil for optimal growth. They also prefer a pH between 5.
Making a Mediterranean Garden
Making a Mediterranean Garden
The essential characteristics of a French provincial garden are simple to imitate. Olive trees, thin cypress pines, lavender and rose bushes, and climbing wisteria and jasmine are all common vegetation. A large lawn meets a vineyard, lavender field, prairie, or olive grove in Provence's large rural gardens.
In Paris, you will find many flower gardens inside the parks or near the Seine River. There are also public gardens where flowers are used to decorate city squares and streets.
French gardens tend to be more refined and less structured than their British counterparts. They use natural elements to create a pleasing appearance rather than using hard lines like walls or fences. The aim is to give the impression of openness while still providing privacy for those who need it. Within these boundaries, skilled gardeners can create many different scenes with plants of various shapes and sizes.
Traditional French gardens feature an area devoted specifically to vegetables. This is called a potager. Today, vegetable gardens are becoming increasingly popular in France, especially among urban farmers. They're located either within the house or in a backyard and they provide fresh ingredients for the kitchen every day.
Modern French gardens may include sculptures, benches, pools, and other decorative items. These additions help to make the space more interesting and useable. They also contribute to giving the impression that there is more space than there actually is!