In the original design, the Statue of Liberty is seen carrying a broken chain and shackle in her left hand, symbolizing recently acquired freedom. Bartholdi eventually changed his design significantly by placing the chain and shackle, symbolically broken by Liberty, at her feet.
The word "liberty" is engraved on the arm of the statue. The inscription reads: "I rise above the crowd, I am made of bronze, but still I bleed marble." The phrase "the torch of liberty" is also engraved on the statue's right shoulder.
The image of Lady Liberty holding a torch has become an internationally recognized symbol of freedom and peace. Created by French-American artist Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, the statue was first displayed in New York City in 1884. It was subsequently moved to its present location in New Jersey in 1986.
Bartholdi began work on the statue when he was only 23 years old. He designed Lady Liberty as a female figure representing France who would inspire other nations to achieve freedom and democracy. He used his own money to pay for part of the construction project but did not live to see the completion of his work.
After the United States entered World War II, Congress passed the Lend-Lease Act which allowed the United States to receive weapons and equipment from any country willing to help. On April 5, 1941, President Franklin D.
When Bartholdi sculpted the earliest versions, the statue's hands held broken shackles to symbolize the abolition of slavery. Bartholdi, on the other hand, laid broken chains at Lady Liberty's feet to remind us of our liberation from oppression and slavery.
Sculptor Frederic Auguste Kiesling later changed this interpretation. He believed that the chains were a reminder of American freedom and democracy. In addition, the anvil behind the head represents the beginning of creation and man's ability to create his own destiny.
The word "liberty" is inscribed on the base of the statue. It consists of an inscription of 25 words taken from The Declaration of Independence and 10 additional words added by Congress.
Lady Liberty was designed by Frédéric-Auguste Baumier de la Meijer (1846–1921) who also did the sculpture for Paris' Panthéon. La Meijer began work on the statue in 1876 and it was completed in 1886. The statue weighs about 7,000 pounds and is made of bronze. Its height is 42 feet.
La Meijer based his design on Emma Lazarus's poem "The New Colossus". She described the statue as a tribute to those who fought for America's freedom. The poem is engraved on a plaque attached to the base of the statue.
3. The original statue was encased in chains. Bartholdi, on the other hand, laid broken chains at Lady Liberty's feet to remind us of our liberation from oppression and slavery...to make us aware that freedom is never free.
4. The chains had two functions: first, they provided weight for the statue; second, they enabled Bartholdi to use real chains when he began work on the torch bearer portion of the statue.
5. The idea for using chains as a feature on the statue came from Thomas Nast's cartoon "The Torch Bearer" which appeared in Harper's Weekly in 1884. In this drawing, slaves carry the torch that will light the world's fair. The caption beside the picture reads: "Liberty Enlightening the World." This inspired Bartholdi to use chains as a feature on his statue.
6. There are three chains attached to the base of the statue. They can be seen when you enter the museum through the gift shop. The chains were removed when the statue was cleaned in 1969-70. In 1999, they were replaced by metal rods which serve the same purpose as the original chains - they provide weight for the statue so it doesn't fall over and also enable workers to move the statue if necessary.
2. The chains around the waist, legs, and torso of the original 1884 statue were made of cast iron. Although they were removed before World War I, their presence still gives a hint about how the statue was protected during its construction.
1. The current version of the Statue of Liberty is a gift from America to the people of France. Authorized by Congress in 1886, it was constructed under the supervision of Daniel-Louis Calmette with assistance from Henry Hering and William Martin Johnson. The sculpture was completed in 1892 - 17 years after it was commissioned - for $350,000 ($4 million in today's dollars).
At the statue's right foot, a broken shackle and chain are lying. The chain vanishes behind the curtains, only to resurface in front of her left foot, with its final link severed. However, while the broken shackle is a dramatic visual, its message was not yet a reality for African Americans in 1886. The chained condition of slaves had already been abolished in New York State through an act of the legislature in 1827--three years before the arrival of the first Africans aboard the ship Amistad.
The statue itself was created by French artist Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi as a gift for the people of America. He designed the statue as a female figure representing liberty, standing on a base shaped like a star. The torch held high by her left hand is actually made of copper, which will eventually be covered with green paint that will turn into red when it starts to peel. Her skin is also painted red, but this is because they used lacquer at that time. In fact, everything about the statue is new: the hair, the clothes, even the shoes. It is estimated that during construction, approximately 20,000 pieces of wood were used, along with one million nails. The head alone took five months to complete.
The statue has been criticized for its appearance from the beginning. When it was unveiled in 1886, many people thought it looked like a giant black man. Some even called it "black bastard" or "nigger lady".