Polyester or polyester mixes are used to make Grade A textiles. Polyester is sturdy and resilient, resists creases, dries rapidly, and is mildew resistant, but it lacks the anti-fading properties of higher-grade textiles. Grade B textiles are primarily comprised of olefin, a synthetic substance. It is lightweight, durable, and inexpensive but is more susceptible to stains and wrinkles.
Grade A fabrics are used for clothing due to their durability and resistance to wear and tear. They are usually white or off-white in color. The term "A" stands for "antique," which describes fabric that has been treated to improve its appearance or longevity.
Antique A fabrics have been cleaned with a solution of water and detergent and then dried thoroughly. This process removes most soil from the garment and makes it easier to clean later if needed. The dyeing process is then applied to the fabric. There are two main methods used today to produce antique A colors: direct dyeing and printmaking. With direct dyeing, all the colors used together create the finished product. With printmaking, individual colors are printed separately on the fabric and then combined later. Both processes can produce bright colors that retain their vibrancy over time or muted tones that become more subtle with age.
The directionality of threads or yarns is one way to distinguish between different types of fabrics. If there is no right or wrong way, then call it a style factor.
Grade C (Standard Sunbrella & In Stock Options): High-quality cushions built from the highest-quality materials. Grade C cushions are often constructed from acrylics, which are 100 percent solution dyed before becoming a fabric for better colorfastness. Acrylic fabrics are more durable than other fabrics used in upholstery and have a soft feel to them.
Grade A (Custom Sunbrella): High-quality cushions that may include natural fibers such as cotton or linen. Grade A cushions offer greater longevity than Grade B or Standard Sunbrella products.
Grade B (Custom Sunbrella): Mid-range quality cushions that may include natural fibers such as cotton or linen. These products are less expensive than Grade A options but do not last as long.
Grade U (Upholstered Only): Materials and techniques used to construct furniture parts other than the cushion. For example, the base might be made of wood while the seat is made of polyester fiber. Or, the frame might be made of steel and the cushion filled with plastic foam.
The term "upholstery" can also be used to describe the process of covering furniture with fabric. The word comes from Latin uppa, meaning up, and labor, meaning work. So, upholstery means making something face up or lift it up.
Cotton, linen, polyester, or a combination of fibers can be used to make the fabric. The main difference between cotton and linen is that cotton is from plants and linen is from the stem of the flax plant. They are both cultivated for their useful fibers. Cotton is used for clothing, linen for household goods.
Cotton is a natural fiber and therefore not as durable as synthetic fibers. It does well in hot climates because it will dry out if it is not washed regularly. Linen is an artificial fiber and it will last much longer than cotton because it doesn't absorb water like plants do so it doesn't rot away.
There are two types of polyester: 1-Dye-free polyester which is more eco-friendly because it doesn't release toxic chemicals when it gets wet and 2-Color polyester which comes in white or black. Both types of polyester are very durable.
Combination fabrics are those that contain some type of synthetic fiber and some type of natural fiber. For example, there are blends of cotton and polyester, which are commonly used for sportswear due to their durability and moisture management properties.
Rugby jersey fabrics The majority of our products are constructed of polyester or a polyester/cotton blend (referred to as polycotton). Our polycotton mix is composed of 65% polyester and 35% cotton. This gives us a lightweight, breathable material that keeps you cool even during hot climates.
The body armor used by law enforcement officers and military personnel is usually made from polyester resin mixed with glass fibers to make it stronger. This fiber mixture is then wrapped around steel rods to form the protective casing.
Polyester resin is a plastic that can be molded into any shape and used in place of rubber for certain applications. It's commonly used in clothing because it's comfortable to wear and resists wrinkles. However, polyester resin by itself is fairly weak so it's usually combined with other materials to make it more durable.
Glass fibers are long, thin threads of glass that are used in a variety of products to increase their strength. They're also used alone as filler material in plastics to lower costs. Glass fibers are used instead of wood pulp or metal particles because they provide better protection against impact forces.
Steel rods are inserted into the resin bath and then pulled out one at a time until all the rods are coated with resin.
Fabrics that are long-lasting and have an established track record. They are stain and fade resistant, have a long lifespan, and are simple to clean. Performance Fabrics are available in a range of designs.
Fabrics are classed as follows by engineers: I width/breadth, Ii length, Iii yarn size, Iv weight, V thickness, Vi setting, Vii face. Fabrics are classed as I Set, Ii Weight, Iii Strength, Iv Condition, and V Application or End Use. There are five basic types of fabrics: Woven, Knitted, Twilled, Pressed, and Felt.
Woven fabrics are made by weaving two-sided, flat weft and warp threads at right angles to each other. The weft and warp threads may be of the same or of different materials. Natural fibers such as cotton, linen, and wool are used most often for weaving purposes. Synthetic fibers such as nylon, polyester, and acrylic are also used.
Knitted fabrics are made by knitting two-sided, flat tubes that are then joined together. The knitter uses a needle to pull thread through both layers of tube to create a mesh of stitches. Knitting can be done with natural or synthetic fibers.
Twilled fabrics have two parallel rows of stitching on the inside of the cloth, one on each side. These rows form the base for the twill. Each row is made up of several strands of thread that are twisted together. On a domestic sewing machine, these threads will be visible on the outside of the garment.