Crops, sometimes known as crop markings, are a group of marks that define a printed area. Bleed is the phrase for the portion of your artwork that extends beyond its real size. When you print an image, some of the inks used to create it will spill over the edges of the paper.
There are two types of crops: full and partial. With full crops, the entire art work is enclosed by four boundaries: top, bottom, left, right. With partial crops, only a part of the artwork is enclosed by four boundaries. Any remaining space within the border specifications is blank.
When printing black-and-white photographs, it is important to understand that they will be reproduced in shades of gray. If you want white areas of the photograph to appear white instead of black, you will need to adjust the intensity of the black ink being used. You can do this by adding color outside the borders of the image with pens or pencils before you scan them in. The colors don't have to match exactly, but they should be similar enough so that when you print the photo, the white areas still look like white rather than black.
Photos that contain people or animals will require you to specify where each element belongs in relation to the border.
Crop markings, also known as trim marks, are lines placed in the corners of your publication's sheet or sheets of paper to indicate where the material should be trimmed. Commercial printers use them to make bleeds when an image or color on the page has to extend all the way to the edge of the paper. They also use them to mark where panels should be cut out of a folder.
Trim marks can be seen in black and white print or in color print with only the relevant colors printed. They're usually found at the corner of each page but can also be seen near the margin or along horizontal rules. When printing from digital files, these marks show up as white lines on a black background - easy to miss if you're not looking for them.
The word "trim" comes from the English language meaning "to cut away," and that's exactly what newspaper editors do when they trim their articles. They remove anything that's not essential for reading the paper - sidebars, for example, or any section they think may distract from the main story. By doing this, they give their readers a more focused view of what's going on in the world.
Newspaper editors must decide which parts of an article are important enough to keep and which can be left out. This is called "editing," and it's a vital part of writing for publication.
Print marks are features that are added to files that represent requirements such as: Bleed: A bleed is the image that extends beyond the final trim and is taken off after the material has been printed and trimmed down. Crop markings: Crop marks are the check marks that are placed on the corners of your file to signify the final trim. These marks are usually about 1/4" wide by 3/4" long.
The word "bleed" comes from the printing industry where it refers to the width of a sheet of paper (or other material) that comes off the press before it is cut. The wider the "bleed", the more area there is for print errors to escape detection. For this reason, most print jobs include a "bleed".
The term "trim" is used in the same way as "bleed". It refers to the margin outside of which printed material cannot be included. Most print jobs include a "trim" to ensure that no material is left on the page when it's finished. When creating files for digital printers, you should include enough space around text and images to allow for print errors. This is called "bleeding" or "trimming" the file.
It is important to understand that these requirements aren't fixed in stone. If you need the bleeds or trims removed from your file, you should only remove what's left over after scanning the document.
Bleed is defined as an additional 1/8" (.125 in) of image or background color that extends beyond the trim area of your printed piece. The project is printed on an enlarged sheet, which is then trimmed down to size so that the picture seems to "bleed" out the edge of the paper. This is done to allow for some degree of error when cutting up the printed piece.
Printing on oversized sheets allows you to get a larger final product than would be possible if only standard-sized pieces of paper were used. Bleeding allows for some error when cutting up the printed piece - if there are no margins around an image, for example, it can't be reattached with glue or tape. Bleeding also gives you more space on your background material.
The amount of bleeding you want depends on the effect you're going for. If you want your image to seem like it's spilling over the edges of the page, you should leave at least 1/4" (.6 cm) of white space on all four sides of it. This will help it stand out more from the background color.
If you want to paste images into other documents or remove parts of them without damaging the rest, use Adobe Reader or another PDF viewer to inspect the pages before printing. You can click through each page to see exactly where the lines fall on the page and avoid any content that might not look good when reduced in size.
Bleed is a printing phrase that refers to a portion of your document that includes graphics or elements that touch the page's edge, extending past the trim edge and leaving no white margin. When there is bleed in a document, it must be printed on a bigger sheet of paper and then cut down. This is called "bleeding" the text.
The term "bleed writing" means to leave margins on both sides of the page paper when you write. Most word processors include some type of feature for setting the amount of bleed space, either globally for all pages or individually for each page. Some people like to set very large amounts of bleed so they have room for illustrations and whatnot, while others prefer more compact documents with nothing but text on each page. Either way, you should know how to adjust the bleed settings in case you need to make changes later on.
When you print from a computer, the printer driver automatically adjusts the size of the text on each page so that there is room for the margins you specified during setup. This is called "auto-bleeding" and it is usually the default setting. If you don't want auto-bleeding, you will need to adjust the font sizes before printing.
You can also manually specify page sizes smaller than the paper you are using.
The presence of bleed on a document indicates that the printed design intended to extend to one or more of the document's edges. Bleed should normally extend 2mm or more past the crop marks. This guarantees that when the document is cut, the design extends all the way to the page's edge. Any less and you might miss part of the print.
Bleed marks help printers to ensure that the entire surface of the paper is used to its maximum potential. Without bleed, parts of the print may fall off the page due to being cut off by the trimming process. With bleed, these areas are included in the final product because the printer knows not to cut into them.
Why do some prints not have bleed? Most often this is because the printer has chosen to limit the size of the print to save time at the press. In this case, there's nothing can be done except ask the printer to increase the size of their prints.
Some older printers cannot adjust the amount of bleed automatically and will always leave some portion of the print unbleeded. These prints look ugly because they're not aligned with the rest of the document. Modern printers usually include an option for this in their settings menu. If your printer doesn't have this feature, then it's time for a new printer!
Finally, some papers aren't suitable for printing bleeds.