Chamois cloth is a cotton fabric with a simple weave that is designed to appear and feel like chamois leather. It is thicker, softer, and more durable than flannelette and is frequently used to wash and wax automobiles. The word "chamois" comes from the French for "soft leather".
Although not as popular today as it was in the 1940s and 1950s, when it was used extensively by motorists who wanted a clean, shiny car, chamois cloth remains useful for keeping vehicles clean. Modern cars are now being produced with car-wash facilities built into the hood or deck lid; these use a system of brushes and sprays to wash away dust particles from above the road surface.
In addition to washing cars, chamois cloth is also used to polish shoes, buff furniture, and polish jewelry.
The process of making chamois cloth begins with the selection of good quality cotton yarn. There are two main types of cotton yarn: singles and plied. Singles are composed of one single filament that is twisted together to make the yarn. This is the most common type of yarn used for sewing threads and fabrics. Plied yarn is made up of several individual fibers that have been twisted together. This gives it greater strength and durability than singles.
Chamois fabric is quite similar to flannel, but it is softer, more substantial, and more lasting, and the higher price reflects that difference. Chamois, on the other hand, is often made from a thicker, more densely woven cloth before being napped and brushed. The nap of chamois makes it useful for wearing under clothing; the nap also means that it will not become as soft with use like pure linen or cotton.
In addition to these differences, chamois tends to be darker in color than flannel, usually black or dark brown. This is because there are no natural dyes available for chamois, so manufacturers either add pigment to the fiber itself or use printed fabrics. Flannel, on the other hand, can be white or colored light-to medium shades of blue, gray, or green.
The term "chamois" comes from the French word for the animal used for its skin, Aeschynomene oregonia. The first chamois products were actually goat skins, which were worn by Romans during exercise or leisure time. When the industry moved to linen, it was still called a chamois, but now instead of goat skin, sheep skin was used.
As far as I know, there is no historical evidence of anyone calling linen chamois until about 1800, when it started to replace goat and sheep skins as a luxury item.
Artists painting with charcoal frequently use little pieces of chamois leather (also known as "chamois cloth") as blending tools. The charcoal is blended more gently and neatly by the leather than by the artist's fingers, which can produce smudges. Blending with chamois also helps create a variety of color washes that would be difficult or impossible to obtain with ordinary materials.
Charcoal is a very reactive material that will almost certainly scratch whatever it touches. Artists should always wear gloves when working with this substance. It is important not to let any of the powder get on your skin, because even small amounts can cause serious problems such as fire irritation if you are allergic to it.
The best chamois for painting are those made from French or Italian cattle; these animals are raised for their soft leather, not for meat, so they have no market for their hides. Indian chamois, which are used for clothing, have hard leather that is much less forgiving than French or Italian leather when using it to blend paint. Chinese chamois, which are used for medicine and other purposes, are extremely toxic if ingested. They contain belladonna, atropine, and other powerful chemicals.
There are two main types of chamois used by artists: soft-leather chamois and hard-leather chamois.
Chamois: a little goat-like mammal found in Europe and Western Asia's highlands. The skin of goats, sheep, or chamois is used to make soft leather. A chamois cloth is used, particularly for washing windows and autos.
Chamois means "goat" in French.
Chambray is a plain-weave cotton fabric that is woven using a dyed warp thread and a white weft thread. Chambray is most commonly used to make shirts, but fabric also works well for skirts and shirtdresses. The word "chambray" comes from the French word chambre, which means "room." Thus, a chambray shirt is a roomy shirt.
These days, you can find chambrays in many colors, but they usually come in only two or three hues. The blue colorway is popular because it matches most skin tones. The red, black, and white colorways are classic choices for clothing items such as jackets and hats. Although yellow, green, and lavender are available now and then, they aren't common colors for chambrays.
In general, chambray is a durable, comfortable material that wears well over time. It's known for its ability to hold its shape, even after multiple washings.
People often say that chambray looks like denim, but this isn't true. Even though both fabrics are made from cotton, they have different characteristics. Denim is hard to dye, so it usually uses indigo to give it its blue color.
Chamois leather (/'Saemi/) is a porous leather that was formerly created from the skin of the chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra), a kind of European mountain goat, but is now almost entirely made from the flesh split of a sheepskin. The word "chamois" is derived from the French for "goat," charois.
Although not an actual goat species, the term "champ" is used interchangeably with "goat" in this context.
The skin of the chamois is very soft and light, similar to that of a deer. It has a white color except where blood has stained it red, and large patches of dark brown hair cover most of the body. The face of the animal is also covered in hair but is never white like that of a goat or sheep; instead, it is bright yellow to orange-yellow.
The chamois lives in alpine environments, mainly between 1,500m and 3,000m above sea level, where there are dense populations of colonies of these animals. They are found in all continental Europe except for Ireland and northern England.
There are several species of chamois; however, they can be divided into two groups based on their physical characteristics: larger animals with long curved horns and smaller ones without horns.