Canaletto, Giovanni Antonio Canal, was born in Venice, the son of a theatrical scene painter. He was a powerful figure known for his perfectly rendered and captivating views of the city (vedute). Canaletto's work has been called the first true Venetian painting because it pre-dates the more conventional styles by about 20 years.
Canaletto is also famous for leaving Italy with about a quarter of his paintings still intact. In 1717 he went to England where he stayed until his death in 1723. During that time he produced some of his most famous works, including several views of London.
After his death his friend Giorgio Vasari organized exhibitions of his work in Venice and Florence. This increased interest in Italian art history and style led to Canaletto being considered one of the founders of the modern school of painting.
In addition to views of Venice, Canaletto painted landscapes, animals, and historical subjects. He had a successful career as an artist, but income was limited because most of his works were sold to foreign collectors.
Canaletto is regarded as one of the greatest painters of all time. His work has been described as magical because of its ability to capture a moment in time and create a feeling of tranquility.
Canaletto/Nationality: Italian, Venetian
Canaletto, pen name of Giovanni Antonio Canal (born October 18, 1697 in Venice—died April 20, 1768 in Venice), was an Italian topographical painter whose masterful expression of atmosphere in his detailed views (vedute) of Venice and London, as well as English country homes, influenced subsequent generations of landscape artists.
(also known as Canaletto) Giovanni Antonio Canal, also known as Canaletto, was a Venetian painter best known for his Venice landscapes, or vedute. He was also a well-known etching printmaker. He was born in Venice, the son of painter Bernardo Canal (hence his pen name "Canaletto") and Artemisia Barbieri. His father may have been involved with the construction of the Grand Canal before he became sick and died when Giovanni was only 16 years old.
He initially trained with his father but then moved to Vienna where he worked as an assistant to a famous painter named Giambattista Pittoni. It was here that he learned how to paint in a style that later reflected the moods of Venice itself.
After about five years in Austria, Canaletto returned to Venice where he painted many scenes of the city and its surroundings. These paintings are some of the most beautiful images of Venice ever created. In 1714, he published a book of drawings called Ippolito Anastassi's Journey to Constantinople is a collection of 57 drawings that show various views of Istanbul and its inhabitants. This is considered to be the first illustrated travel guide in history.
Canaletto died in Venice at the age of 49. Today, his body is buried in the church of San Michele in Isola di San Michele.
Canaletto's author. Canaletto, pen name of Giovanni Antonio Canal (born October 18, 1697 in Venice—died April 20, 1768 in Venice), was an Italian topographical painter whose masterful expression of atmosphere in his detailed views (vedute) of Venice and London, as well as English country homes, influenced subsequent generations of landscape artists. His work is characterized by a luminous clarity of color and an exuberant use of light and shade.
Canaletto began his career at a very young age when he apprenticed with his father, Giorgio II Canal. He later worked under Giovanni Maria Morandi and Pietro Liberi. In addition to landscapes, he also painted figures, animals, and churches. His early works show the influence of his father, but soon after becoming an independent artist, he developed a style all their own. Canaletto traveled extensively throughout Europe and made many friends who became patrons of his work; among these were George III of England, Charles VI of Bavaria, and Frederick IV of Denmark.
In 1723, at the age of 24, Canaletto married an older woman named Lucia Meregalli. The marriage only lasted five years because she died in 1728. Two years later, he married again to a woman named Margherita Zanchi. They had two children together before divorcing in 1731. After this second divorce, Canaletto decided to change his lifestyle by moving out of Venice and opening a studio in Florence.