Graphics are visual displays on a surface such as a wall, canvas, computer screen, paper, or stone that are used to brand, inform, demonstrate, or entertain. Photographs, sketches, line art, graphs, diagrams, typography, numbers, symbols, geometric patterns, maps, engineering drawings, and other pictures are some examples. Graphics may be used in advertising, marketing materials, brochures, catalogues, posters, book covers, and even on store shelves to inform consumers of the products features and benefits.
Graphic design involves creating graphics for publication or exhibition. This can include packaging, advertisements, brochures, menus, logos, and even interior designs for buildings or vehicles. A professional designer should be able to assess your needs and create a unique solution that meets those needs while still keeping with the overall look you want to convey.
There are many different techniques available to artists today when it comes to visualizing information on a computer screen. From simple line drawings to fully colored photographs, graphics can be as varied as their uses. Whether you need a few photos combined into one scene or a complete map drawn out, the ability to visualize on a computer has created new opportunities for artists worldwide.
Graphics (from Greek graphikos graphikos, "belonging to drawing") are visual pictures or designs that are projected onto a surface, such as a wall, canvas, screen, paper, or stone, in order to instruct, illustrate, or entertain. Text, art, and color are frequently combined in graphics. A graphic may be any image created by these methods, but is usually an illustration that is not composed of words.
Graphics drawings can be classified into six basic types: line drawings, contour drawings, shape drawings, form-and-value drawings, photo-realistic drawings, and computer generated images. Line drawings consist of simple lines and curves without detail or texture. They are used to show relationships between elements or to outline objects. Contour drawings add depth and dimensionality to flat surfaces by showing the relationship of various heights on a single plane. Shape drawings use three-dimensional forms to describe shapes; for example, a picture of a cube could be considered a shape drawing. Form-and-value drawings combine the concept of line, value, and massing into a single image. They are useful for describing textures and colors within the image itself rather than using textural terms like cloth or wood. Photo-realistic drawings attempt to capture the look and feel of real life subjects by using light and shade, reflection, and atmospheric effects. Computer generated images (CGI) are made up of numbers and symbols that are converted into pixels on your screen.
Graphics are visual components that are frequently used to direct readers and viewers to specific content. They are also used to complement text in order to help readers comprehend a certain topic or to make the subject more clear or intriguing. For example, graphics are commonly used in educational materials to explain concepts that cannot be easily conveyed through only text. Graphics are also used in scientific publications to illustrate the findings of studies.
In general, graphics are used to enhance what would otherwise be a dull essay or article. At its most basic, graphic design consists of selecting a background color (often called "stock photo" because it can be used for many articles), adding text to the image, choosing an appropriate font for the text, and placing the element in a relevant position on the page. However, there are many other choices available for enhancing what would otherwise be a simple piece of writing. For example, you could use a picture of someone making a face ("emotional appeal") or add charts and graphs as part of your academic argument (data visualization).
Graphic elements may be included in any type of document but they are especially common in essays, stories, and poems because they can add interest and clarity to these types of works. For example, if you were writing an essay about trees, you might include a photograph of one in order to provide a visual representation of what you are discussing.