Chain stitching is the conventional hem stitch that produces a vibrant rope effect. It makes use of a single continuous thread that loops back on itself. Using a chain stitch slightly tugs on the denim, resulting in the classic rippling on the hem. Because chain stitches are tight, they're best used for hems and cuffs on clothing.
Chains can be any length but the most common ones are short chains (usually one or two links long) and long chains (three or more links long). When stitching multiple chains together, as in making a hem, leave a tail about twice the length of the desired finished width. Then take those tails and join them together with a slip knot. To start a new chain, pull it through both loops on the hook. You will now have three strands on the hook instead of two. Continue to add chains by pulling another loop of thread through both remaining loops on the hook.
So, basically, you make a slip knot, then go into a single strand mode on the hook, then double up on the thread every time you need to make a new chain. The first chain you make will always be one strand, and the last one will always be three strands. There are many variations on this basic stitch; we'll discuss some other uses for it later in this article.
A chain stitch machine uses only one thread to sew a chain stitch on cloth. The single thread is wrapped under the cloth and around itself, making a chain. This is used to sew both straight stitched seams and zigzag stitching. Chain stitching is very dense, so it provides strong seam strength.
There are two types of chain stitching machines: push-pull and rotary. Push-pull chain stitching machines use a pawl and ratchet mechanism to pull the needle in and out of the fabric. These machines are easy to operate and have few parts, but they can be expensive. Rotary chain stitching machines use a motor with pinions and racks to accomplish the same task as the push-pull version. They are less expensive than their push-pull counterparts and more durable because there are no moving parts other than the motor.
Chain stitching machines are used for heavy duty applications where you need a strong seam. Zigzag stitching can be used along with chain stitching if necessary. It is best to avoid using multiple threads when stitching chains or else the seam will look messy.
There are many different methods for stitching chains. Here are the three most common techniques: forward/backward chain stitching, reverse chain stitching, and half hitches.
In forward/backward chain stitching, each stitch takes either forward or backward depending on what pattern is being sewn.
A decorative stitch, similar to chain links. 2: a machine stitch that forms a chain on the work's underside. 3: a series of linked stitches.
The word "chain" is used here to describe a series of stitches that link together into a loop or circle. In sewing, chains are made by first stitching one thread over another, then back under the first thread. The two threads now form a loop that can be used as a basis for further stitching. To prevent the loop from closing up, a third thread is inserted between the two original threads before it is pulled tight. This leaves a space inside the loop where more embroidery or decorative stitching can be done.
There are several types of chain stitches. Here are the most common ones:
Backstitch: Used for joining pieces of fabric together with no seam showing on the outside. Backstitches are worked by first stitching through both layers of fabric with a long straight needle, then bringing it back out at a right angle to where it entered the fabric. Repeat this process until you reach the required length for your project.
French knot: A decorative knot used to finish off loose ends of yarn or string.
Previously, all sewing machines (with the exception of Walter Hunt's) employed the chain stitch, which wasted thread and unwound rapidly. The lock stitch's two threads cross, and the stitch lines are the same on both sides. The chain stitch is a knitting or crochet stitch, whereas the lock stitch is a weaving stitch.
In modern sewing machines, the most common stitch used to sew seams is the straight stitch. This leaves a flat seam that is not as strong as one sewn with a zigzag or overhand stitch but is faster to sew than those stitches. Some newer machines can also do a rolled hem with a single needle by moving the fabric under the needle in an up-and-down motion.
The most basic type of straight stitch has even numbers of upward strokes of the needle, producing a vertical line of stitching. Other types of straight stitches have uneven numbers of upward strokes, producing a stitched line that is not quite vertical; it can be tilted to one side or the other. If you press the seam open, the stitches should lie flat on the right side of the material because they will be hidden when the seam is finished. If some of the stitches rise above the surface of the material, they will show on the wrong side.
A sewing machine needs to be operated by someone who knows how to load the machine with thread and set the stitches for the desired task.