20-gauge wire in a circular form is ideal for clasps, double-wrapped hooks, head pins, ear wires, and a variety of other handcrafted components. The square 20-gauge wire is most commonly used to manufacture heavier jewelry for males, such as bracelets and rings, as well as neck collars for ladies. These wires are also suitable for use with sterling silver or gold fill material.
Gauge is the term used to describe the number and size of holes within a given length of wire. There are several different gauges of metal wire, with each one being specifically designed for a particular purpose. When creating your own jewelry, it is important to select the right gauge of wire for your project. Too often we see jewelry made from 18-gauge wire, which is too thin to be useful for most projects. However, 20-gauge wire can be quite thick, which allows it to be used with greater frequency than thinner wires.
When working with metal, the weight of the piece being created will determine what gauge of wire to use. For example, if you were making a lightweight chain then 6-8 gauge would be appropriate. But if you were making a heavy necklace then 10-12 gauge would be better suited. It's best to ask yourself how much force I plan to apply to this piece? If you can answer that question then you should be able to select the correct gauge of wire.
20 gauge wire is a nice all-purpose wire size that is thin enough to be used with most beads. If you use half-hard wire (or work-harden dead-soft wire), 20-gauge wire will keep its shape while producing handcrafted chain, ear wires, eye pins, jump rings, and lightweight clasps. It's also the standard wire size for sewing threads.
There are several types of metal rings available in different sizes, from very small to extremely large. When choosing jewelry making materials, it is important to consider how you will wear your pieces so that you can choose a ring that fits properly. For example, if you plan to wear heavy items like gold rings, then it is best to get ones that are larger than what you would normally buy. Or, if you tend to lose rings, then it is recommended to get ones that fit tightly so they are not easily lost.
The best way to determine which size ring you need is to think about what size hand you were born with - this is called your "primary ring size". Your primary ring size is the number 1 choice for anyone who wants to purchase their own jewelry because there are many different sizes of rings in every category from delicate chains to massive cts. The measuring process is easy: measure the length of your middle finger just above the tip of your finger with a flexible ruler or tape measure. This is your primary ring size. If you usually get rings that small, then you have a primary ring size of 4.
It can be used for weight-bearing sections of wire-wrapped jewelry. You may also harden half-hard wire so that it can be utilized for a high-stress element, such as a clasp. For wire-wrapping jewelry, full-hard wire keeps its form. Half-hard wire is more flexible but will still retain some shape.
The term "hard wire" refers to metal that has been hardened by heating and then cooled down. The heat treatment process creates a solid outer layer called a skin and an inner core called a centerline. The hardness of the skin varies depending on the metal; it is usually harder than the centerline. Hardened steel is generally considered to be hard enough for most jewelry making purposes. Other metals that can be hardened include copper, silver, gold, and platinum. They are all quite soft by themselves and need to be tempered or treated before being used for jewelry making.
Hardening metal increases its resistance to wear and tear. This is particularly important for components that come in contact with human flesh such as clasps, snaps, and hooks. If you own any wire-wrapped jewelry that uses half-hard wire, now would be a good time to take it off the arm and give it a gentle rinse under running water to remove the skin's surface oxidation. This will help preserve your piece of wearable art over time.