In-text citations feature the author's last name followed by a page number in parentheses. Here's Smith's exact quote: (p. 8). If the author's name is not mentioned, use the title's initial word or words. For example, if the title is "A History of America," then the in-text citation would read ("History of America" p. 8).
In-text Citation: MLA's in-text citation style employs the author's last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is derived, as in: (Smith 163). If the source does not utilize page numbers, omit the number from the parenthetical citation: (Smith). Or you can include the book title in place of the page number if it is known to the reader. This is called the full citation.
In English classes at the high school level, students are often asked to provide in-text citations for their essays or reports. Often, there is no page number for in-text citations in MLA because most sources do not include them. When this occurs, your teacher may want you to provide the full citation—including book title and volume number if applicable—for each reference listed in your essay or report.
It is important that you give complete details in your paper or essay so that readers know where they can find further information on the topic. With modern technology, it is possible to use online databases to conduct research for your papers. These databases contain millions of articles from different publishers around the world, and they are all free to use! Before you start writing, make sure that you have read other people's papers that have used these databases for research. You will then be able to add value to your own work by including relevant searches and avoiding repeating others' mistakes.
The author's last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is derived are used in MLA in-text citation format, for example: (Smith 163).
Citations in the text:
Citations are included into the conversation using the author's last name and the date of publication. When there is no known author for a work, reference the first few words of the article title in text using double quotation marks, "headline" capitalization, and the year. An example of a no-author citation is as follows: "How to make a bullet hole in wood."
Citations are also used when referring to people such as authors or famous people. This is called an anonymous work and requires special formatting and placement of information within the sentence for clarity. For example, "The president signed the bill" instead of "President Bush signed the bill." In this case, "Bush" is the author but not his or her real name is known so he or she is referred to using their office title and year of birth. This form of citation requires you to put the office title before the year of birth.
Finally, citations are used when quoting from another source. In this case, the author's name is required along with the date of publication if it is available. If the original source is not published, only its basic facts may be cited (for example, "the artist painted a picture" rather than "as Picasso once said...").
In conclusion, citations are used whenever writing about literature or art that has been created by someone else.
Citations in the Text
When there is no known author for a work, cite the first few words of the article title in text using double quotation marks, headline-style "capitalization," and the year. Time (December 26, 2009).
An example of a no-author bibliography would be: "A Conversation with Your Future Self".