A cinema style is a distinct set of conventions employed by filmmakers to enhance the aesthetic appeal, significance, or depth of their work. It can refer to any component of the film, including speech, cinematography, attitude (i.e., seriousness or lack thereof), and so on.
These elements come together to create a cinematic style that reflects the personality of its creator and the vision he or she has for the project.
The term "cinema style" was first used by Russian critic Vladimir Propp in his book Morphology of the Folktale. There, Propp distinguished between "broad" and "narrow" styles, which he defined as follows: "The broad style is characterized by an abundance of details that distract from the main idea of the story; the narrow style emphasizes the main idea at the expense of other aspects of the narrative."
This distinction proved useful for describing different types of folklore narratives common in Russia and elsewhere, but it has since been applied to describe styles in films made by individual directors or teams of writers/directors.
There are many ways that filmmakers can use stylistic techniques to express themselves, including through the selection and arrangement of shots, camera angles, props, costumes, etc.
Stylistic choices are also important in helping viewers understand the characters' motivations and emotions.
The composition, color, kind of film, camera, lenses, costumes, set design, hair and makeup, filters, editing, effects, and music utilized in the art of filmmaking and visual storytelling in general are all examples of cinematic style. The term was first used by film critic Andre Bazin in his 1951 essay "The Classical Cinema." He defined it as the unique way in which each filmmaker interprets the real world through the eyes of a viewer, thereby creating a personal vision of reality.
There is no single right or wrong method to create cinematic beauty. What matters most is that you express what you want to say through your choice of style. For example, a documentary can be shot with natural light from one angle, then dark tones used throughout the rest of the film to add tension, and finally some bright lights turned on to reveal information about the subject.
Cinematic styles can be divided up into three main categories: classical, experimental, and contemporary.
Classical films are those that use traditional techniques and tools without breaking them down physically (like experiments would) or technologically (like modern films would). These types of movies were popular in the early days of cinema and often include scenes with actors dressed in costume, setting designs with 3-D elements, and/or shots taken at a distance with models or props used as substitutes for actual subjects.
Film genres are classifications of films based on their narrative aspects. The sorts of stories told by each genre are distinct. Filmmaking styles have changed and evolved over time, resulting in the emergence of many subgenres that further define the filmmaking styles. These categories can also be defined by subject matter or type of story being told.
The term "genre film" first appeared in 1994 in a book by John Landis called The American Film Genre Book. He used it to describe popular movies with similar themes and settings but which differ significantly in tone and approach. According to Landis, these films share certain stylistic traits not found in other types of cinema: they are often comic books, crime dramas, or gangster films; most feature male protagonists who fight evil corporations or individuals; all are made for a general audience rather than a specialized one; and finally, they tend to be financially successful.
Since then, the genre film has become a common description for any popular movie that falls within this category. These days, you will often hear people refer to films such as Batman Begins, The Dark Knight, and Spider-Man as "genre films", even though they do not fit everything that Landis described in 1994.
The different acting, directing, and story-telling techniques of film can also be referred to as cinematic customs. Film is a "hot" medium, which means it may elicit intense emotional responses. You may gain an understanding of cinematic norms by seeing a large number of films in the large screen format.
There are three main categories of film conventions: stylistic, technical, and organizational.
Stylistically, actors tend to use more physical action when speaking directly to the audience, while people interviewed on camera speak with less physical involvement. This is because cinema is a visual medium; therefore, viewers need information about what someone looks like and how they sound before they can understand their words. Actors use this fact by using facial expressions, body language, and voice inflections to communicate emotion. Behind the scenes photos also show that actors have costumes, make-up, and equipment provided for them by the film crew.
Technically, filmmakers use certain tools to tell their stories. Stylus guns are used to create special effects such as fire or water. Cameras record images that help directors determine where to place actors in order to get the best shot. The soundtrack adds music to help audiences understand what's going on in the scene.
Organizationally, films are structured into chapters that include several scenes connected sequentially. These chapters are called sequences. Each sequence has a beginning and an end.