The use of emotion, the use of perspective ("vanishing point"), the use of classicism (Greek/Roman inspired), the emphasis on the person, the geometrical arrangement of figures, and the use of shadowing are the six key qualities that distinguish Renaissance art from medieval art...
The qualities of Renaissance painting were accurate anatomy, scientific perspective, and a deeper landscape—humanistic and realistic. Perspective, natural color, emotions, and fundamental human nature were all highlighted. Baroque. It was a time of exaggerated motion, tension, drama, and grandeur in creative genres. Music, theater, and dance also played important roles.
Renaissance artists such as Leonardo da Vinci or Michelangelo Buonarroti were master painters who invented new techniques that are used in modern times. They studied human anatomy closely and used this knowledge to paint more realistic pictures. Also, they painted in an artistic style called "historical realism" which meant that they tried to copy actual objects rather than just idealized figures.
In contrast, the Baroque style was used by other famous artists such as Peter Paul Rubens or Diego Velazquez. They used dramatic colors, elaborate decorations, and large-scale works to appeal to the senses and attract viewers.
During the Renaissance and Baroque periods, music was an important part of many paintings. Artists used instruments such as violins or trumpets to show that a scene had musicians in it. These musicians were usually supposed to be angels or saints because only holy people could play musical instruments.
Also during this time, poets began to put words to images.
The transition from the abstract forms of the medieval period to the representational forms of the 15th century is visible in Renaissance art. They are not flat, but rather convey bulk, and they frequently occupy a realistic environment rather than standing against a gold background, as certain figures in Middle Ages painting do. The new realism came about because artists needed to show human emotions more clearly, so they showed skin color, muscles, and even blood.
Also, since money was now used instead of prayer boxes for donations, artists had to show what people looked like when rich or poor. Before this time, only kings and saints were painted, but now anyone could be represented. Even common people had faces now!
Finally, the use of perspective in art made things look three-dimensional. Paintings before this time were two-dimensional, so artists had to find other ways to make their subjects appear lifelike.
These are just some of the reasons why Renaissance art is realistic. There many more, such as showing action instead of meditation, revealing religion's role in society, and exposing corruption. I have only touched on some of the topics that could be discussed here; there are thousands of books written on the subject of Renaissance art alone!
Portraits, tales from classical religion, and happenings from current life were added to the subjects, which had previously been largely biblical scenarios. The ability to capture reality on canvas gave artists new freedom to express themselves.
Renaissance art is famous for its depth of field, realism, and illusionism. It began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe. Artists such as Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, and Titian painted during this time period.
In conclusion, Renaissance art can be identified by its use of realistic techniques and subject matter. These topics included portraits, religious stories, and scenes from daily life.