Analysis of a Cartoon The persuasive strategies employed in political cartoons can be dragged and dropped into respective instances in the cartoon. Labeling: Cartoonists frequently label objects or people to make it obvious what they stand for. Symbolism: The use of objects to represent greater thoughts or ideas. For example, a lion is used to symbolize courage because it has been found through history that people are often willing to risk their lives for these animals. Metaphor: Putting something real or unreal into an image to explain how something works or what will happen. For example, when someone says "jumping off a cliff can be dangerous," a cartoonist might draw a picture of someone doing this. Parable: Using a story to explain how things work or what will happen. For example, when someone says "sitting ducks" means there are no predators around, they are saying that people or animals are vulnerable when they aren't sitting in a group. Analogy: Taking two things that are very different but have some connection, then showing that they are similar. For example, someone who is smart enough to read this blog will also be smart enough to know that elephants are like humans in that they need food and rest too. Pattern: Finding a regular sequence in events that is important for understanding what happens next. For example, if you notice that every time Michael Jordan plays basketball he gets three points, then you understand that he is a great player because he knows how to score.
Methods for analyzing political cartoons
Cartoonists will "draw" a contrast between two dissimilar items. This makes their audience think about the differences between them, which can be good for teaching facts or making a point.
Cartoons are often used to explain something new or complex. For example, if you were trying to teach someone how cars work, you might show them different parts of a car with words next to them that explained those parts' functions. Or, you could just show them a car without any labels at all and let them figure it out for themselves!
In cartoons, anything can be labeled. People, animals, objects, actions...the only limit is your imagination. Labeling can help readers understand new information or concepts by associating them with things they already know. It's a great tool for learning.
Here are some examples of labeling in cartoons:
Minnie Mouse is labeled "Cute" to show that she is attractive.
A dinosaur is labeled "Saurus" to show that it is a lizard.
A helicopter is labeled "Hovercraft" to show that it floats in water like a boat but flies like a plane.
Cartoonists employ basic items or symbols to represent bigger notions or ideas. After you've identified the symbols in a cartoon, consider what the cartoonist intended each symbol to represent.
Such cartoons have a place in the political dialogue of a country that values free speech and the press. They are largely an opinion-oriented media that may be found on the editorial pages of newspapers and other journalistic venues, whether in print or online.