Black and white photography removes any distraction of color and helps the viewer focus on other aspects of the photo, such as the subject, the textures, shapes, and patterns, and the composition. So, you can use all the same composition techniques, like the rule of thirds, that you'd use in color photography. Black and white photography also allows for much more expression through tone alone, which can make for some stunning images.
The main difference between color and black and white photography is how you process your film/sensor data. With color photos, there are a lot of options when it comes to editing your image; you can adjust the colors in various ways before printing or sharing online. With black and white photos, there are really only two ways to edit them: change the intensity of the blacks and whites or add color. Since there are no other options, this usually means choosing one aspect of the photo over another. For example, if there's a lot of red in your picture but you want to show more attention to the blue in the scene, you could choose to enhance the blues instead. There are many other ways to edit color photographs, but since there are only two options with black and white photos, you have more freedom in expressing yourself creatively through composition, lighting, and post-processing.
In conclusion, black and white photography is about finding beauty in everything around us and expressing it through tone alone.
Color is removed from black and white photography, allowing the spectator to focus on other qualities of the image, such as the topic, textures, forms, and patterns, and composition. The absence of color also makes it easier for the eye to follow lines and shapes across the photograph.
Black and white photographs can look more dramatic because there are no distractions caused by color. Black and white images often have a stronger visual impact because they're less intense than color photographs. The absence of color also allows for more detail in small areas of the picture - such as faces - that would be lost if it were colored.
Black and white photos capture moments better than color photos because colors can fade with time or change depending on the lighting conditions. With black and white, these factors don't affect how people perceive your image.
Black and white film has more limitations than color film, so it's not suitable for every situation. For example, you cannot use tinted lenses with black and white film because the tones in the photo will be incorrect.
However, these limitations make black and white photography more interesting and appealing. Also, since there are no distracting colors to worry about, the photographer has more freedom of expression with black and white photography.
Black and white photography is inherently emotional. When you remove color from an image, it instantly becomes more timeless and nostalgic, and it may transport you back in time to days gone by. We are compelled to focus on the story of an image in black and white images because color distracts us. The artist can express many different emotions with black and white photographs, but usually they are joy, sadness, fear, anger, loneliness, hope, and love.
Also, black and white photographs make me think about other colors of the spectrum, too. For example, when I shoot red flowers against a black background, I'm reminded that blue is also part of the picture. Or, if I shoot green plants against a white background, I realize that yellow is around me all the time!
Finally, black and white photographs make me feel contemplative. They demand my attention because there's not much else going on besides the subject matter. There's no clutter in black and white photographs, so they make great vehicles for introspection.
Have fun exploring black and white photography! It's an amazing medium that can tell its own story without words.