Before you can work with speaker wire, you must cut it down to size and expose the metal wires inside the plastic case. You may do this by stripping the wire using a wire stripper and then cutting it to size with scissors or a knife. Be careful not to damage the copper core inside the plastic sheath.
Stripping the insulation from the ends of the copper wires will also allow you to connect them together properly when you use them as a conductive path for electricity. The type of insulation that needs to be removed from the ends of the copper wires depends on which type of connector you are using for the joint. If you are using one of the all-metal connectors, like those used for recording studio applications, then there is no need to strip the insulation off the ends of the copper wires before connecting them together. If you are using one of the plastic connectors, like those used for home audio purposes, then you will have to remove the insulation from both ends of each wire before connecting them together.
Once you have stripped the insulation off the ends of the copper wires and connected them together as described in the previous step, you are ready to work with them.
Take the following steps:
There's a good method and a bad way to splice speaker cables. Twist the speaker cables together and secure them using electrical tape. However, tape deteriorates over time, and the slightest push on the wires may readily separate that type (typically a Y) of connection. A speaker wire spool (matching the gauge of the existing wire) is all you need to avoid cutting corners.
The best way to splice two lengths of cable is with a proper connector. These can be bought pre-made or you can build your own using components from your local home improvement store. It's important to use a connector that's designed for speaker cables because they have one end with thicker insulation to prevent electricity from flowing through it. The other end has two holes in it for connecting to another cable or device. After inserting each end of one cable into one half of the connector, squeeze the halves together to make a solid connection. Repeat this process for the second cable so both ends are connected to each other inside the connector.
This method ensures a clean connection with no exposed wires or terminals that could cause problems with future repairs or modifications.
The quickest and easiest approach to connect speakers to your receiver is to install speaker wire without connectors on the ends.
Using Bare Wire to Connect Speakers Bare speaker wire is compatible with all connecting methods. This is the simplest way because it requires no additional equipment. All you have to do is separate the positive and negative wires by approximately 1 or 2 inches so you have some space to deal with. Then connect them to the correct terminals on your speakers using any of the techniques described below.
If you're not sure which wire is which, there are several ways to find out. First, measure the resistance between each pair of terminals on your stereo. The difference in resistance should be about equal. If it's not, then one of the wires is bad. You can also use a voltmeter to check what kind of voltage is on each terminal. Finally, when wiring a new system, it's best to start with a known good condition set of speakers. Then connect them up according to the diagram provided by the manufacturer. It's okay to use color-coded wire for this process; just make sure you don't use red wire to connect black boxes and white wire to connect blue ones.
Yes, but only if you're willing to risk having poor sound quality or losing power to your speakers. Any electrical line carries current, so if you cut it too short you could end up with a fire hazard.
What is the best technique to repair broken speaker wires?
Speaker wire is available in a variety of gauges. Longer lengths of wire are required for most home theater systems due to the usage of lengthy runs, which necessitates the use of 10, 12, or 16 gauge wire. Lower gauge numbers are preferable, and most typical speaker wire is 16 gauge. However, some higher-end home theaters may require 18 or 20 gauge wire.
The choice of wire gauge affects how easily your speakers will move air when you drive them with music. Using too fine a wire can lead to audible "chatter" when multiple signals are present in the wire at once, while using too thick a wire won't allow enough movement to be transmitted to the driver.
Generally, if you have experience working with audio wiring, then 16 gauge is more than sufficient for most home theater applications. If you are new to home theater wiring, however, we recommend using 18 or 20 gauge wire so that you have enough flexibility to accommodate any length runs without having to use multiple boxes.
It is important to note that not all manufacturers use the same terminology for their wires. Some will call theirs 16 ga. while others may label it as 14 ga. Make sure you get a look at both sides of the box before you start work on your project to make sure you're getting the correct cable for the job.