In Thailand, it is simply referred to as takraw. It is kataw in Laos (Lao: "twine" and "kick"). It is known as "chin lone" in Myanmar and is regarded more of an art form because there is typically no opponent team and the goal is to hold the ball aloft beautifully and interestingly. Takraw can be played with any kind of ball such as a soccer ball or a volleyball.
Thailand has a long history of using balls made from animal skin for sport. The word "ball" comes from the Spanish bolo, which in turn comes from the Sanskrit word bubul. Takraw was probably introduced to Thailand by Indian merchants who worked on the royal court. Today, it is popular among young people in urban areas all over the country.
Thailand is named after its main ethnic group, the Thai people. The name "Thailand" was first used in 1680 when it was given as a nickname by Portuguese traders who encountered the first Thai king to use his military might to unite most of the kingdoms of Siam. Before that, it was known as Lanna, after the kingdom it belonged to until it was conquered by Praya King Ayuthiawara II in 1765.
According to Islamic law, sports and games that are played for money are forbidden.
The Southeast Asian sport of sepak takraw, often known as chinlone or simply "kick volleyball," is a team activity in which contestants use any body part except their arms or hands to volley a tiny woven ball (made of synthetic rubber or rattan) over a five-foot-high (1.52-meter-high) net. The goal is to score more points by hitting the ball into the opponent's court than your opponents do by getting their ball over the line. There are two main types of play: men's and women's.
Men's kick volleyball consists of seven players on each side and is played with a side-winding ball that weighs about 1.5 ounces (45 grams). A player can use his foot, leg, torso or head to shoot the ball but not his hand or arm. Men's teams have between three and five players on the court at a time and there is no limit on how many shots can be taken per game. The player with the most points at the end of the match wins.
Women's kick volleyball is similar to men's except that there are only six players on the court at a time and they can use their hands instead of just their feet and legs. Women's teams have between four and seven players on the court at a time and are limited to a maximum of ten shots per game.
Muay Thai Thai: mwyaithy, RTGS: muai thai, pronounced [muaj thaj] (listen), often known as "Thai boxing," is a martial art and combat sport that employs stand-up hitting as well as numerous gripping techniques. A contestant in the sport tries to knock his or her opponent down using only the body and without using any weapons such as a knife or a bat.
Thai boxing has been called the world's oldest profession because it has been believed to have originated in Thailand more than 500 years ago. The modern version of Muay Thai was developed in Thailand by King Louis XIV of France during his reign (1670-1730). He invited Chinese experts in boxing to come to his kingdom to teach its soldiers a valuable skill that could be used in battle. The first school for the training of these instructors was set up in 1701 in Bangkok under the name "Luk Kratong". In 1917, when Thailand became a republic, Muay Thai was officially recognized by law as an official national sport.
Today, professional Muay Thai competitions are held throughout the year with the biggest events being the annual Lumpinee Boxing Stadium and Rajadamnern Boxing Stadium shows. The best fighters from each stadium meet in a series of championship matches to determine who will be crowned king of Muay Thai. Professional bouts usually last three rounds of two minutes each with one-minute breaks in between.