Male and female dancers dressed in traditional clothes perform the Carinosa folk dance. Male dancers wear white shirts and pants, while female dancers wear Maria Clara costumes. The music for the dance is played during rehearsals but not on stage.
The Carinosa is one of the most important dances in Cuba. It was first written down in 1872 by an American musician named George Mathews who came to Havana to work on a railroad project. Before this time, nobody knew how to play music, so people just made up songs about their feelings. These songs were called guarachas. Mathews decided to write them down so that other people could sing along with him. He called his book "The Cuban National Songbook."
In 1898, when Spain lost the war against America, many Spanish settlers in Cuba also lost their jobs because there were now more musicians in Cuba than there were jobs as manager or owner of a business. So, they went looking for work elsewhere. This included many dancers who worked for men who hired them out to entertain guests at parties or at fairs.
After this time, many American businessmen came to Cuba to make money. Some of these men liked to hire dancers to make them laugh. They paid well because dancing is a beautiful thing that doesn't need much talking over.
Female dancers wear traditional Maria Clara costumes, while male dancers wear Barong Tagalog and wield a fan or a handkerchief as an instrument for their dance. Carinosa dance moves mimic the courtship period of a Filipino marriage. It is performed only by married couples who have not seen each other for at least one year. The man will search for a bride among her relatives and friends. When he finds someone willing to marry him, they will be married by a pastor or priest. After the wedding, the couple will go to a place where carinosa dances are held and enjoy themselves.
In addition to the Barong Tagalog, female dancers also wear flowers in their hair and on their bodies. They may even wear jewels. For men, it is customary to wear a white shirt with the sleeves removed, silver rings on every finger except the ringfinger, and black pants.
The event takes place in the afternoon and lasts about three hours. First, all the single men go to a place where there are many girls dancing. They choose one and ask her to be their carinosa. If she accepts, they will be married after the wedding ceremony. Both parties' families agree on this marriage. After the wedding, the couple will go back to the place where the men left from and start the carinosa dance. This process will continue until all the men have danced with several women.
Folk dances of the Philippines are steeped in history and culture. Their dances depict the Filipino way of life over the years. The Carinosa dance is one of those traditional dances that exemplifies one of the Filipino characteristics. It shows how joy and happiness can make any situation better.
Cariosa means "thank you" in Spanish. This folk dance was created to thank God for his blessings. Although today it is just another fun-filled party dance, but back in time, it used to be done as a tribute to the princesses named Carmen. They were very popular among the soldiers during the Spanish era. The dancers would create scenes with their feet to tell a story. For example, they might show flowers coming up from the ground where a girl has been buried to represent her death. Then they would celebrate her return to life again at the end of the dance.
There are several types of Carioca dances. One of them is the Tanguingan (also called Inggo). The word tanguingan comes from two words: tango meaning "to roll" and inggo meaning "play". Thus, it means "the play of rolls" or "the game of rolls". This dance is usually done by men only and involves rolling silver balls along the floor using your feet.