Symbolic significance The color black signifies Australia's Aboriginal people. The Sun, the source of life and guardian, is represented by the yellow circle. Red: symbolizes the red earth, the red ochre used in rituals, and Aboriginal peoples' spiritual connection to the land. Blue: represents the clear waters of the oceans and the seas, which Aboriginal people exploited for food and materials for clothing and tools.
Black swan - known as kangaroo in English - is an iconic bird of Australia. It belongs to the genus Cygnus and the cormorant family. It is named after the black swan (Cygnus atratus), which is similar in size and shape. Both are long-lived birds that can grow to be one meter (39 inches) tall and weigh up to 11 pounds (5 kg).
The black swan has become a popular icon for Australia, with merchandise such as t-shirts, mugs, and posters being sold throughout the world. The swan has also appeared on coins, notes, and stamps. In 2001, Australian artist Melinda Gebbie created a large-scale sculpture of a black swan for the city of Sydney. The statue was later destroyed by fire.
Symbolic significance The Sun, the source of life and guardian, is represented by the yellow circle. Black: represents night and water, both important elements in Aboriginal culture.
History The first Australian flag was designed in 1788 by Joseph Banks, a naturalist who was with Captain James Cook on his third voyage of discovery. It was made from blue naval cloth with a white border and contained 13 stars representing the 13 colonies. This original flag is on display in the National Museum in Canberra.
In 1826, the second Australian flag was raised over the new federal capital city of Melbourne. It was also made from blue naval cloth with a white border and contained 13 stars. This flag is also on display in the National Museum in Canberra.
In 1901, the third Australian flag was flown at the opening of the seventh annual national convention of the Australian Labor Party (ALP) in Sydney. The designer of this flag has not been confirmed, but it may have been William Morris, a member of the New South Wales parliament who had campaigned for an ALP government after the death of Queen Victoria. He is known to have studied various international labor flags during the design process.
The current Australian flag was adopted in 1952.
The Aboriginal people are represented by the color black. The color yellow depicts the sun, the eternal renewer of life. The color red represents the earth and people's attachment to it. It also depicts ochre, which is utilized in rituals by Aboriginal people. Harold Joseph Thomas invented the flag in 1901.
There are two types of flags used by Indigenous Australians: war banners and peace flags. A war banner is used in times of war to bring attention to the suffering of Indigenous Australians or to show solidarity with other nations who are fighting against oppression. A peace flag is used for similar purposes but in times of peace instead.
Aboriginal people began using flags during wars and protests. In 1772, the first Australian flag was raised over what is now known as Fort William (now called Sydney) after the British captured it from the Dutch. This flag consisted only of the blue background with a white star centered on the blue field. In 1826, another flag was raised over the city after it was recaptured from the French. This flag had the same layout except it included three stars instead of just one in the center. These stars represented the three governments that ruled parts of Australia at the time: New South Wales, Victoria, and Queensland.
In 1901, the year the original Black Flag was raised, there were still many colonies in Australia.