Ruskin initially gained considerable recognition with the first volume of Modern Painters (1843), a long essay in defense of J. M. W. Turner's work in which he claimed that the artist's primary job is "fidelity to nature." He championed the Pre-Raphaelites, who were influenced by his ideals, beginning in the 1850s. In addition to being one of the most influential critics of his time, Ruskin was also an art collector and curator who helped establish London as a center for modern art.
In addition to defending Turner and the Pre-Raphaelites, Ruskin sought to promote social responsibility in art. He argued that artists have a duty to engage with society and should not focus exclusively on making beautiful things but should also attempt to improve people's lives by encouraging them in their efforts to better themselves and others. This idea forms the basis of what is now called "the aesthetic attitude" in philosophy and literature.
Ruskin also had strong opinions about music. He believed that it has the power to move us emotionally and intellectually and can influence our behavior toward others. Additionally, he felt that musicians deserve to be paid for their work and that art museums should fund contemporary artists rather than merely displaying old paintings by famous artists.
Finally, Ruskin believed that children are born innocent and good but learn evil through the example set before them. He thought that parents needed to protect their children by not letting them observe violence around them.
John Ruskin (8 February 1819–20 January 1900) was a Victorian-era English writer, philosopher, and art critic. He wrote about geology, architecture, myth, ornithology, literature, education, botany, and political economy, among other things. Ruskin's writing styles and literary genres were as diverse as they were. He was a social critic who wrote on a variety of topics within society at large and within the world of art in particular.
In addition to being one of the most influential critics of his time, he is also considered one of the founders of modern sociology. Ruskin published eight books during his lifetime, three of which are regarded as classics: Modern Painters (1843), Artistic Anatomy (1866), and The Seven Lamps of Architecture (1850). He also published several articles in magazines such as The Spectator and The Quarterly Review. His work has been cited by many scholars as an important influence on George Bernard Shaw, Virginia Woolf, and Bertrand Russell.
Ruskin was born in London but grew up in Scotland. His father was a wealthy industrialist who owned iron mills and coal mines. When Ruskin was eleven years old, the family moved back to England, where Ruskin went to school at Bromsgrove School. He then studied law at Oxford University but dropped out after only one term to work as a clerk for a stockbroker. In 1840, Ruskin traveled to Switzerland to study painting at the Academy of Fine Arts in Basel.
The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood and Pre-Raphaelitism It is evident from this that one of Ruskin's most significant inspirations was his explanation of typological symbolism, which balanced realism with rich iconography. Like many other art critics of the time, such as Charles Blanc and John Ruskin himself, William Holman Hunt believed that a true representation of reality was impossible in painting. Instead, they aimed to evoke emotion in their viewers by using elements from real life to paint pictures that had never actually been seen. Ruskin's work on art history and its importance for understanding humanity's past and present influenced many artists, not only those who were members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
They also took inspiration from other writers including Dante and Milton. Ruskin's theories on art were first published in 1841 in two books called "Modern Painters" and "Artists' Models". These books describe the different methods used by painters from ancient times until then and the connection between these methods and the style of art produced by each period. The Pre-Raphaelites read these books carefully and were greatly influenced by them. Ruskin went on to publish other important works on art and culture including "Stones of Venice" (1851), "Munera Pulveris" (1866), and "The Seven Lamps of Architecture" (1849).