For example, blue + yellow + a bit of pink equals a muted green. Alternatively, blue Plus pink + a smidgeon of yellow will get a dusty purple. The exact mixture depends on the color scheme you're trying to achieve.
As you can see, colors combine to form new colors. This is called color mixing or combining. Color mixing occurs when different colors are combined together. For example, if you mix red with white, you get orange. If you mix blue with yellow, you get green. If you mix pink with white, you get light brown. And if you mix all three colors - red, blue, and pink - you get dark purple.
There are two ways to make new colors: by adding amounts of different colors together or by using filters. We'll start with adding colors together. When you add different colors together, the resulting color is called a mixed color. For example, if you mix equal amounts of red and blue, the color you get is violet. Or if you mix equal amounts of red, blue, and yellow, the color you get is orange. These colors are mixed colors because they contain portions of each of the original colors.
Now let's look at how colors mix using filters. A filter is an object that allows certain wavelengths of light through but blocks others.
Turquoise is a blue with subtle green undertones, whereas purple is a blend of red and blue. If turquoise and purple are combined, the most likely outcome is brown. Brown is the only true combination of colors in the painting world: if you mix red with yellow or blue you get white, if you mix blue with red you get orange, and if you mix red with red you get black.
However, when trying to create a new color with combinations of existing ones, things get a bit more complicated. There are several different methods used by artists to combine colors that yield new shades. The best known method is called "additive mixing", also referred to as "mixing oils". In this process, colors are blended together in varying proportions to produce new colors. For example, if violet (which is based on blue and red) is mixed with blue, green will result. Green plus violet produces indigo, which is used for some blues in painting.
Another popular mixing method is called "subtractive mixing". With this approach, colors are taken away from one another to create space-occupying shapes that separate out color groups. For example, if violet and blue are mixed together, only a small amount of violet will remain. This means that most of the blue will be subtracted from it instead.
In the double complementary contrast, two additional complimentary hues, such as yellowish green and reddish purple in our example, are employed. The use of these secondary colors creates a more intense display of color.
There is no specific rule on how many doubles should be used in creating a saturated color scheme, but using several of each double color will produce rich tones that will not appear oversaturated.
Toward the limit of what can be seen as safe contrasting, colors such as violet and orange, which are very close in value, can be repeated alternately throughout a painting. However, these combinations are usually avoided since they can look artificial or jarring.
The choice of colors for your painting is an important one. It is best to choose colors that compliment each other but don't compete with each other. This way your painting will have depth and interest without looking garish.