Picasso's "Rose Period" spanned from 1904 through 1906. This period represents the time when Pablo Picasso's painting technique employed bright orange and pink hues in contrast to the previous Blue Period's chilly, melancholy tones.
During this time, he also developed an interest in French poetry and literature. His favorite authors were Alfred de Vigny and Charles Baudelaire. Picasso went so far as to paint his own portrait in black and white like a caricature.
In addition to art, music was another interest of Picasso's during this time. He began studying violin with a professional musician and became acquainted with other young artists who shared his interests. They met for discussions every Thursday night at the home of one of them, Georges Braque, where they would debate topics such as music, literature, and politics.
Picasso's mother died in 1903, which may have triggered or influenced these changes in his artwork. The loss of someone so important in his life may have caused him to search for new ways to express himself artistically. Additionally, the death of his father two years later may have made him feel alone in the world, which is why he started including women (and sometimes men) into many of his paintings around this time.
By 1904, Picasso had abandoned his Blue Period's blue palette and sad subject matter in favor of a primarily red, pink, and orange palette. As a result, this time became known as the Rose Period (1904–2006).
During this period, he produced many paintings that included roses, especially those colors used in lipstick. He also produced many portraits in the style of Goya at this time.
In addition to painting, Picasso also designed products such as posters, tapestries, and glass objects during this period. In fact, some critics believe that this was when he truly became an artist rather than just a painter because of all his other activities during this time.
However, despite all his efforts, he still needed money to live on so he continued to paint but only ever sold one picture during this time: it was a portrait of his friend Paul Eluard which he sold to finance another trip to Spain (1906–07).
This is probably why some people have called this period "the red period".
Picasso ended up returning to Spain in 1907 and has not looked back since. The next Blue-Rose Period began in 1911 and lasted until 1914. During this time, Picasso developed many new techniques including using stains, dust, and even his own blood to create images.
Picasso painted pretty accurate portraits and landscapes as a youngster. From 1901 through 1906, he went through his so-called blue and rose eras, in which he represented poverty-stricken children and circus settings, respectively.
During this time, he also developed an interest in modern art that led to him traveling throughout Europe looking at exhibitions. Back in France, he became friends with Matisse and Braque, two other artists who were influential in shaping his style.
By the late 1910s, Picasso had abandoned realistic painting altogether and started incorporating more abstract elements into his work. By the 1930s, he had completely removed all reference to reality from his paintings and created what many consider to be one of the greatest artistic revolutions in history: Cubism.
Picasso's early work is divided into four distinct periods: the Blue Period (1901–1904), the Rose Period (1905–1907), the African-influenced Period (1908–1909), and Cubism (1909–1919).
During the Blue Period, Picasso painted mostly still lifes and vases with a few portraits. He used bright colors and a rough brushstroke to create a moody atmosphere.
The Rose Period began when Picasso moved to Paris where he met other artists who influenced him greatly. They included Paul Cézanne, Édouard Manet, and Auguste Rodin. These men brought out the naturalist side of Picasso by showing him other ways to paint light and color than those used in the Blue Period. As a result, many of his paintings from this time are called "Rose Period" works.
In 1908, Picasso went to Barcelona where he met Guillaume Apollinaire, José Maria Sert, and others who were involved with the avant-garde movement. This meeting stimulated him to start using more abstract shapes in his paintings. By 1909, he had become one of the first people to use cubism as we know it today. In this method of painting, objects are viewed from several angles simultaneously, rather than just from the front like traditional paintings.
Picasso was well-known for using specific hues at different points of his career. "Colours, like characteristics, follow emotional changes," he remarked in the 1930s. Picasso created poor individuals in various degrees of destitution, resignation, and despair in blue from 1901 to 1904. These paintings are called Blue Period. From 1905 to 1907 he painted mostly green subjects called Green Period. In 1908 he returned to painting in blue again but this time with a more personal touch, depicting himself and his friends in various states of intoxication.
During World War I, he used red poppies in many of his works, some of which can be seen in the British Museum. This is known as the Red Period (1914-1916). After the war ended, he continued to use color extensively, especially blue and red, in many of his paintings. These periods are called Blue and Red Periods.
In 1917, he began using black as a major element in his work. These paintings are called Black Period. Later, he went back to using only blue and red, which is called Blue and Red Period again.
In 1952, he made an extensive tour of South America and spent a large part of the year 1953 in Morocco. During these trips, he painted in a variety of colors including yellow, orange, pink, and white. These paintings are called The Magician's Study in New York and The Old Man and Boy in Morocco.