The Wild Irish Rose, despite its tiny flowers and short height, shines a deep rosy-orchid hue. The thick leaves are opposite, oval-shaped, and slightly toothed at the end. They can be up to 9 inches long and 4 inches wide.
The flower stalk reaches about two feet tall before flowering begins. Once blooming stops for the season, the flower head drops off but the seed pods remain attached to the stem. The seeds inside are light brown with red markings, almost like blood vessels, which give the plant its name. Seeds mature in about a year after pollination.
This species is found in open woodlands and hedgerows at lower elevations. It can grow in acid, basic, or neutral soil as long as there is some moisture available during dry periods. In warmer regions it may self-seed extensively.
Wild roses are popular in gardens because of their attractive flowers and spreading habits. These plants will take over if not controlled by other plants or animals. However, they are not usually cultivated for commercial production of rose oil due to their invasive nature.
A cutting from a healthy branch of this species can be planted in early spring if you want more roses.
Wild species roses are solitary bloomers with five petals; virtually all of them are pink, with a few whites, reds, and yellows thrown in for good measure. These robust roses will thrive in almost any soil condition, with at least one of them doing particularly well in moist soil. They're ideal for attracting butterflies and other pollinators to your yard.
When you brush against a wild rose, you'll know why people have been planting them for thousands of years. Their perfume is said to be intoxicating. In fact, the Latin name for rose means "to smell like."
There are more than 100 species of rose, but only a few of them are considered wild. The rest are cultivated plants that have been naturalized or escaped from cultivation. Wild roses can be found worldwide except in Antarctica.
Most species of rose grow in warmer climates such as those found in Europe and Asia, but a few species live in colder regions such as North America and parts of Australia. Even though they may not seem it, roses are actually a type of plant called a monocotyledonous flowering plant. This means that their seeds contain two oil glands on their seeds instead of one like dicots (the term used for plants like carrots, tomatoes, and peppers). Thus, roses do not need to produce seed to reproduce since new plants will always emerge from cuttings or root divisions of existing plants.
Different hues of roses (Rosa spp.) naturally exist in varied intensities in wild and cultivated roses, including pink-, yellow-, red-, or white-colored roses, some striped or splotched. Modern breeders have selected for specific colors in roses, often using those with the desired color in other flowers of the plant. For example, most modern garden roses are white, but they also come in red, pink, and pale salmon-colored varieties.
Pink is one of the more common flower colors in roses, especially garden roses, and it can be found in various shades from light to deep. They usually have five petals, although double and even triple petaled roses do occur. The most common color is red, but there are also white, orange, purple, black, and brown-colored varieties available as well.
While it is true that roses are members of the genus Rosa, they are not actually roses themselves but hybrids created by humans from plants in several different genera including Dianthus, Galanthus, Helianthemum, Leucanthemum, Liriope, Montbretia, Muscari, Paeonia, Photinia, Physalis, Rhododendron, Rudbeckia, Schizachyrium, and Stellaria.