By indicating movement, lines may create a rhythm. Forms, too, can produce rhythm by how they are arranged one after the other. Rhythm is easier to "see" in almost everything other than the visual arts. For example, music has rhythm even when no one is playing a instrument; it is produced by the beating of a heart or lungs. The wind in an orchestra produces rhythm too, even though no one is blowing into any instruments. All kinds of objects can produce noise that has rhythm: bells, drums, pipes. Even your own breathing and pulse have rhythm.
In poetry, rhythm is the repetition of sounds or words that affect how we read. Rhyme is the repeated sequence of identical syllables within a line or poem. Meter is the pattern which determines how many beats there are in a measure. A beat can be as small as you like- it could be the sound of a single drum hit or a whole chorus singing together. A strong rhythmic element in poetry can help set it apart from prose.
What things can produce rhythm? Lines, forms, ornaments, stresses- anything that divides up the text into units will do so. Visual artists don't usually think about rhythm, but it's something that affects everyone who reads or listens to music. Music is made up of notes, which are grouped into chords, which are grouped into measures.
Rhythm is part of a pattern, however not all rhythm is patterned. Colors, for example, may indicate rhythm by directing your gaze from one component to another. Patterns of dots or dashes can suggest motion too.
People often say that design is about balance. That's true at a broad level: A well-designed piece of art or architecture will have an equilibrium between its different elements. At a more specific level, patterns are the result of balancing different forces within the design. For example, if there were no force behind a line going down, it would form a curve instead. But if lines were never curved, they would be boring! So curves help make room for other shapes and allow some freedom in the design.
You might wonder why we need both curves and straight lines in design. The answer is that neither curves nor straight lines alone are very interesting. It's their combination that creates so much diversity in design. Even though curves and straight lines appear differently, they work together to give shape to everything from furniture to flowers to buildings. And as you'll see in the next lesson, they also work together to create beautiful designs.
Rhythm is the repeating of visual movement—colors and line forms. The beat must be varied in order to remain entertaining and dynamic. The visual equivalent of a musical beat is created by combining movement with rhythm. Elements of art are the basic visual symbols that an artist use in the creation of works of art. These elements include line, shape, form, value, space, and color.
All arts rely on some type of element to convey meaning. In painting, this can be done with lines that describe the subject, shapes that represent objects, values that show light and dark areas on a canvas, spaces between elements that create depth, and colors that match or contrast with each other and the environment around them.
In music, these elements are known as chords. A chord is a group of notes that sound pleasant together. Music has four types of chords: major, minor, diminished, and augmented. These names tell you how many notes are in a chord. For example, an E-G-B-D is a four-note chord. You can think of notes as buckets for pouring water into; more notes mean more buckets full of water. When you play multiple notes at once, they combine to make a chord.
Painting and music have much in common. Both use elements from nature to help interpret what it is to be human.