Most novice photographers settle with two lenses. The first is a 55-250mm lens, while the second is a 55-300mm lens. Canon created the first, and Nikon produced the second. These lenses have apertures ranging from f/4.5 to f/5.6. They are considered wide angle lenses because they produce a wide view of the scene before you. Most cameras these days are made so that they can be used with interchangeable lenses, so any good photography store should have plenty to choose from.
Lenses are the eyes of your camera. They control how much light reaches the sensor inside. The more powerful the lens, the more light it can let in. This means greater exposure flexibility - you can use high shutter speeds or increase the ISO setting if there's insufficient light. Lenses also determine how far away you can get from your subject - telescopes go beyond 100mm, while normal lenses are limited to about 180mm. Finally, they can affect the quality of your image: wide-angle lenses make scenes look flat and boring, while telephoto lenses compress them into a narrow strip down the middle of the frame.
There are three main types of lens: fixed, zoom, and macro. Fixed lenses don't change their focal length; they always show a certain amount of distance between you and your subject. This is useful if you want to focus on something else while your photo takes place.
The "nifty fifty" is the first choice for a second lens that most people suggest to beginners. According to Todd Vorenkamp's The One Lens Every Photographer Should Have and Use: the 50mm, matching a very affordable 50mm prime with whatever sort of camera you own will likely be lighter, smaller, and have a better image quality. Of course, there are other options available too; just look around online or at your local photography store.
For example, if you already have a 35mm lens for your camera, you can get a 75mm lens for about the same price as two 50mm lenses. This would give you three lenses of 25mm, 50mm, and 75mm respectively, which is useful for getting close-up images and wide views of your subject.
A 70-200mm lens is quite popular among photographers because it allows them to cover a wide range of distances from near to far while still being able to make large prints or take detailed photos. Some people say this lens is too heavy and expensive for beginner photographers but others believe different lenses suit different styles of photographing. You need to find out what kind of photographs you want to take before you decide on which type of lens to buy.
Finally, a 360-degree lens is useful for taking panoramic pictures. These can be used to create beautiful landscapes or scenes with many interesting details, as well as virtual tours of places such as museums or restaurants where you can rotate the image to see everything fully.
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The standard lens has a fixed focal length (50mm, 85mm, or 100mm) and reproduces what the human eye perceives in terms of perspective and angle of vision rather precisely. The 50mm lens is considered typical for a 35mm film camera or a full-frame DSLR. A 85mm lens is recommended for a 1.6X crop factor camera like the Nikon D70. A 100mm lens would be suitable for use with a full-frame sensor camera like the Nikon D3.
There are also wide-angle lenses which are wider than 50mm; these can give a more sweeping view of the scene. There are also moderate telephoto lenses which are longer than 85mm; these tend to produce more detailed images but at the expense of perspective distortion. Longer focal lengths allow for background objects to appear smaller relative to closer foreground objects.
A zoom lens allows you to vary the focal length without having to replace the lens. These can be divided into two types: those that use moving parts such as optical systems and those that use electrical circuits to control the movement of multiple glass elements.
Optical zooms consist of several small apertures (holes) in an opaque plate through which light passes to form images on the opposite side. The amount of magnification is controlled by rotating or sliding this plate. Mechanical complications may limit how long you can extend the focus range with one lens.
1. The Canon EF 50mm f/1.2L USM lens. If you're willing to pay the money, the Canon 50mm f/1.2L is one of the greatest street photography lenses available today. The wide aperture allows you to shoot in low-light circumstances without needing to increase the ISO, and the optics and build quality are excellent. The one downside is that it does cost about as much as a new car.
The reason that this lens is so great for street photography is that it takes a picture that's full of life and energy. There's no doubting that someone has been shot with this lens; they're just not typical studio photos. It gives your images a unique quality that makes people want to see what's behind it.
This is also a very versatile lens. Because of its wide angle of view, you can use it to photograph large scenes or even take pictures from a high vantage point. The only real limitation is that it doesn't focus past 100 inches (about 260 centimeters), but who needs focusing when you have such a smooth operation system?
If you want a lens that does more than just take nice photographs on the street, this isn't the best choice. But if you just need something that works well in low light conditions, this is the lens for you. It'll cost you about $500 - $600.
2. The Canon EF 70-200mm f/2.8 L IS lens.