Maps have three components: distance, direction, and symbol. Maps are drawings that condense the entire globe or a portion of it into a single sheet of paper. Maps are also drawn at smaller scales. However, this reduction is done with great care to ensure that the distance between the locations is accurate. Modern maps are technically surveys made with GPS, radar, aerial photographs, and other methods.
Distance: The first thing people want to know about a map is how far away things are. Distance is usually shown in meters on modern maps, although kilometers and miles can also be used. Miles and kilometers are based on the size of the meter/kilometer, which is larger than the meter/foot used in measuring distances at home.
Direction: Directions help us find our way around unfamiliar places. They indicate the best route to take by showing which roads or paths lead where. Directions can also include information about up and downhill travel as well as north, south, east, and west. A map legend would be needed to understand these directions. Modern maps display directions using symbols for routes and directions.
Symbol: Symbols are used to represent important information that cannot be put in words. These can be physical features on the land or water such as mountains, rivers, and islands. Political boundaries such as countries are often shown using different colors or markers. Religious sites such as churches, mosques, and synagogues are sometimes marked on maps as well.
A map is a symbolic representation of certain qualities of a location that is often drawn on a flat surface. Maps convey information about the globe in an easy-to-understand, visual style. They educate students about the world by displaying the sizes and forms of nations, the locations of features, and the distances between areas. Maps are used by scientists to study relationships between different parts of the Earth's surface, including land, water, ice, and the atmosphere.
Maps can be created in many ways, using a variety of materials and techniques. The most common types of maps are aerial photographs, topographic maps, political maps, street maps, and geological maps. Modern maps often include computer graphics. The best known example is Google Maps, which uses GPS data from your phone to provide realistic images of places around you.
Aerial photographs are maps made with photographs. Photographers take pictures from airplanes or space vehicles, which allows them to see large areas quickly and easily. Aerial photographs are used by government agencies to understand how countries work and what resources they have, as well as how people live. These photographs are also useful for security purposes - if an enemy state were to attack another country using weapons of mass destruction, it would be useful to know where they are located so they could not be used.
Topographic maps show details of the Earth's surface, such as mountains, valleys, and cities.
As we've seen, maps are "symbolized representations" of the planet. They portray actual and, in most cases, palpable aspects of the planet. We could discover the region of the world that each given map shows if we wanted to. The artist who made the map has taken care to include all the important features. He has not left any part of the world unexplored or unrepresented.
Maps also represent other things than just the Earth. They can also symbolize love stories, historical events, etc. There are many maps in literature that show these different topics.
For example, here is one of my favorites from Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet. It's a map of Verona showing where all the major characters live. This way we know right away that Romeo and Juliet are neighbors and will probably meet someday in the forest beyond their villages!
Here is another favorite map from Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream. On this one, Puck takes us on a tour of the Fairy World. As he shows us different creatures, places, and people, he explains what they mean.
Maps are very useful tools for writers to understand their worlds better. You can see how much history there is behind every city, country, island, lake, river, monument, etc. Maps help us discover new places to include in our stories.