Painting, sculpture, architecture, music, and poetry were formerly the five primary fine arts, with theatre and dance included under the performing arts. Today they are considered to be the major disciplines of art.
The term "fine art" refers to artistic production that is highly refined and demanding in terms of skill and technique. Fine artists are often recognized by their use of color, form, or material quality alone or in combination with intent and meaning. In contrast, decorative art is intended to make an aesthetic contribution through its pleasing appearance rather than through any specific formal or conceptual purpose. Sculpture is the art of creating three-dimensional works of plastic or metal, usually for display in a public place. Painting is the art of applying paint or other liquids to a surface using a variety of techniques. Architecture is the art of designing and building structures such as houses and shops. Music is the art of making sounds by using instruments such as violins, pianos, guitars, drums, etc. Poetry is the art of producing poems.
In addition to these disciplines which can be practiced individually, there are also groups of artists who share certain techniques or subject matter. For example, painters may combine oil paints with acrylics or watercolors, while sculptors may work in stone, wood, or bronze.
Painting, architecture, sculpture, literature, music, performance, and film are the other seven arts. Fine art is any art that seeks to arouse aesthetic responses in viewers or listeners. It can be any medium used for such purposes, including but not limited to painting, drawing, photography, printmaking, sculpture, installation art, dance, theater, and music.
Thus, fine art is quite broad and includes many different kinds of activities that may not seem like art at first glance. For example: fine craftwork such as sewing or woodworking; home decorating or fashion design; cooking; science projects such as chemistry experiments or biology projects; human-made objects such as buildings or vehicles; and natural objects such as plants or animals. Even things like jokes and arguments can be forms of art, as can self-harm acts such as cutting yourself. All of these things are made with intent to make some kind of impact on others, whether it be through seeing, hearing, touching, tasting, smelling, thinking, feeling, or knowing.
In short, the only thing that matters for something to be considered fine art is that it was created with an intent to express something beyond its immediate function.
Dance, music, opera, theater and musical theatre, magic, illusion, mime, spoken word, puppetry, circus arts, and performance art are examples of performing arts. There is also a type of fine art in which the artists perform their work live in front of an audience. This could be a one-person show or a group effort where everyone contributes something to help make the piece come alive.
The performing arts are used to describe any activity that requires the use of skill and talent before an audience. This includes activities such as dancing, singing, acting, modeling, and humor. The term "theater" is often used to describe both the performing art and the industry that produces it. The visual art world uses the term "performance art" to describe works of art in which the artist actively participates in their creation by for example, sewing their own costumes or constructing their own sets.
Performance art has many different forms. A musician might play instruments on stage while a dancer moves freely around him or her. A comedian might act out scenes from famous movies while a pianist provides background music. A magician might do illusions right before your eyes. A singer might sing directly into a microphone or even cover songs that others have written.
Every form of entertainment has its roots in performance art. Dancing dates back at least as far as 10,000 B.C. when certain human skeletons were found painted red-orange with black stripes.