Because many of these nations are located in what is now known as the Islamic world, oriental rugs are sometimes referred to as "Islamic Carpets," and the word "oriental rug" is used mostly for convenience. But an oriental rug is any carpet produced in the ancient civilizations of Asia (mainly in the Middle East but also in India) that use natural dyes and have a flat design. These carpets were often woven by indigenous peoples before being exported to other parts of the world.
Some names for different types of oriental rugs include:
Baghnus or baghanous means "beautiful woman" in Persian. It is the name given to a type of carpet with beautiful designs made from all sorts of materials including wool, cotton, and silk. They were usually woven in Iran and neighboring countries. Today, these carpets are popular all over the world.
Mashrabi means "from the city of Mashrafe" in Farsi. This term is used for carpets manufactured in the city of Mashrafe in southern Persia. The first mashrabiyas were probably woven in Baghdad around AD 1000. They were originally designed for the rooms inside the royal palaces there, but soon people started making them for their own homes too.
Muslim carpets have been created for centuries in Muslim majority nations, also referred to as "the rug belt," which stretches from Morocco through Central Asia and northern India. There are several styles and materials to choose from. Old Persian carpets are among the oldest known carpets in the world and are considered a form of art.
Modern-day Muslim carpet makers operate out of primarily three countries: Iran, Turkey, and Afghanistan. Although they may use traditional designs and techniques, most modern-day Iranian and Turkish carpets are actually manufactured in factories using semi-automatic machines. In contrast, Afghan carpets are mostly handmade with little use of tools other than your hands. They often include images that show the artist's interpretation of events from recent history or folklore.
After the decline of the Ottoman Empire, many areas with large populations of Muslims became centers of rug making - including Iran, Turkey, and Afghanistan. These regions now produce more than half of the world's total output.
There is some confusion surrounding the origin of the word "carpet". Some sources indicate that it is derived from the Latin word carpa, which means "wool" or "fur", while others say the word comes from the Arabic word karpatu, which means "ground covered with grass or weeds".
An Oriental rug is any handmade rug created in or around India, Egypt, China, Pakistan, Afghanistan, or Iran (Persia). Persia used to produce the finest rugs. But today's buyers don't necessarily want the most expensive rugs; they want something unique that will add style and value to their home. So, as you can see, there are many different countries that make rugs, which means there are many different styles of carpets that you can find worldwide.
Here are the top three countries that make the best-quality rugs: India, Iran, and Turkey.
India is known for its hand-knotted carpets. The traditional Indian carpet is called "Oriental" because that's where it was first sold to Western markets. It usually has a plain white or off-white background with bright colors or images printed on it using dyeing techniques that date back hundreds of years. These prints may be natural objects such as rocks or trees or they may be simple drawings but they always add beauty to the room. An Indian carpet can cost up to $100,000.
Iran is another country that produces excellent rugs. They use similar weaving techniques as India but their carpets have more complex designs. Also, Iranian rugs are not as expensive as those made in India.
A prayer rug, also known as an Arabic sajjada or a Persian namazlik, is one of the most common types of carpets created in Central and Western Asia, and is used primarily by Muslims to cover the bare ground or floor when praying. While the rug is in use, the mihrab, which is derived from the prayer alcove in mosques, must point toward Mecca. When not in use, the prayer rug is stored away out of sight.
Prayer rugs are made of 100% natural materials such as wool or cotton with some including additional materials to improve durability such as nylon or polyester. The main purpose for making the prayer rug is so that it does not get worn out due to constant movement while praying. Also, the design of the prayer rug may have symbolic meaning for the person who owns it. For example, roses can be found throughout the world in religious places and symbols because Jesus said in John 16:22 that his tomb was "filled with the fragrance of roses."
There are several methods used to create a prayer rug. One method is to knot the fibers together randomly to form a rug. This method produces a rug that has no specific design but instead is known as a "blanket" prayer rug. The other method is to start with a plain rug and add designs to it. These designs can either be completely random or according to a specific pattern. This method produces a prayer rug with a specific design.
True Oriental and Persian rugs are woven on looms by hand. Ghiordes knots are used to bind Oriental carpets. This form of knot may be seen on hand woven carpets in Turkey and Kurdish districts of Iran. Asymmetrical or Senneh knots are commonly used to knot Persian rugs. These are larger, more complicated knots than those used for Oriental rugs.
Other terms used for hand-woven rugs include Turkish tapestry and Central Asian carpet. Carpets with machine-made fibers are called "tufted" or "plugged."
Oriental rugs are generally less expensive than Persian ones. They tend to be plainer in design and coloration, but have more intricate weaving patterns. Sometimes they are referred to as "country" rugs because they were popular among merchants who traveled throughout Asia selling their goods. Today these rugs are prized for their aesthetic beauty rather than their use of material or workmanship.
Persian rugs are usually more expensive than Oriental ones. They are typically symmetrical and designed with elaborate, colorful floral and geometric patterns. These rugs were popular in the courts of Persia for their quality construction and design. Today they are prized for their historical significance as well as their aesthetic beauty.
Hand-knotted rugs are also machine-made, although not as extensively as tufted rugs.