Expressionism The musical style emphasizes deep, subjective emotion and severe dissonance, which is typical of early twentieth-century German and Austrian music. Expressionist composers such as Arnold Schoenberg, Anton Webern, and Ernst Krenek used techniques such as atonality to convey emotional meaning in their works.
Kantorei The term Kantorei refers to a group of musicians playing vocal polyphonic music from the Renaissance through the 18th century. They were usually hired by churches to play during services and other religious events. Kantorei performances would often include pieces by Monteverdi, Vivaldi, Bach, and others. Due to the importance placed on music in religion, many religious institutions employed musicians to play during services.
Lied Erzählerlied (song of praise) is a popular name given to medieval and early modern music that consists of alternating recitative and aria sections. The word "lied" means song in German. Lieder are generally assumed to have had an instrumental accompaniment at some point, but this is not certain.
Mass A mass is a sacred musical composition for several voices or instruments that sets a verse from the Mass Ordinary.
Expressionism is the word used to characterize music written between the abandoning of tonality at the end of the Romantic period and the invention of twelve-tone composition by Arnold Schoenberg. It is a vital but controversial movement in the history of music, with many commentators dividing up its members into different groups for purposes of analysis.
Expressionism can be described as including all forms of music that are not classical or jazz. This includes popular music, rock and roll, folk music, etc. Although these genres of music may include expressive elements such as lyrics, melody, rhythm, etc., they are not considered expressionistic because they do not follow a strict system of rules for composing like that of classical or jazz music.
The term "expressionist" was first used by Austrian composer Arnold Schoenberg to describe his own work, but it has since been applied to other composers who have used irregular rhythms, unconventional instruments, noisy environments, etc. as tools for expressing themselves creatively. These include: Anton Webern, Alban Berg, Louis van Atten, John Cage, Edgard Varèse, and Igor Stravinsky.
Expressionistic music examines the anger and anxiety that lurk in the subconscious psyche. Rather of expressing physical truth, expressionist painters aimed to portray meaning or emotional experience. The same is true with expressionistic musicians: they seek to convey emotion through the use of violent sounds and distorted instruments.
Expressionism is a very subjective art form, so how does expressionistic music affect you? It depends on your own personal reaction to intense sounds and colors. If you find yourself moved by expressionistic songs, then these songs will have brought out your own feelings of rage and violence that lie deep within you.
Expressionism in music was developed by composers such as Gustav Mahler, Alexander von Zemlinsky, and Igor Stravinsky. These men were all influenced by the new ideas in art and literature that were arising after the French Revolution of 1789. They wanted to express the inner turmoil that people felt during this time.
Music has long been thought to represent motion, tension, human qualities, identity, beauty, religious beliefs, and societal situations. However, the most widely held belief is that listeners perceive music to be emotionally expressive (for a review, see Gabrielsson and Juslin, 2003). Music has been said to express emotion through the use of certain features such as tempo, mode, timbre, or structure.
The perception of music as emotional has existed for quite some time. Plato believed that music was capable of expressing all passions except love, while Aristotle claimed that music could express all emotions except joy. Later philosophers including Descartes, Kant, and Schopenhauer also agreed with this view of music's power. In the 19th century, Samuel Taylor Coleridge wrote about music's ability to convey emotions during states of mind. He called these relationships feelings "associated with music."
In the 20th century, psychologists began to investigate how people perceive and interpret music in order to understand its emotional impact. Studies have shown that listeners perceive certain elements in music (such as tempo, mode, and intensity) when trying to understand what musicians are feeling. These results support the theory that music is capable of expressing many different emotions.
Furthermore, scientists have also explored other ways by which music can be said to express emotion. Some studies have suggested that music can express emotion through the use of themes, patterns, or references to past events.