The Triumph of Death is a well-known picture about the Black Death. Pieter Bruegel the Elder painted it in 1562. In the 1340s, Europe was devastated by the Black Death for the first time. It had spread slowly from Asia, then quickly into Europe along more sophisticated trade lines. When this picture was made, many people were already asking themselves if the world had become a better place because of the plague.
Bruegel's painting shows how much death has overtaken life in medieval Europe. The dead bodies are piled up in heaps, and even some of the living seem to have given up hope. However, there is also a bit of good news: A few survivors have been saved by some brave souls who have dragged them away from certain death.
This is one of the first depictions of death as we know it today. Before this point, people imagined death to be a peaceful thing. But now we can see that it is far from it - death is terrible and deadly. And yet, there is still beauty in nature despite all this death - Bruegel has placed flowers on top of the corpses just like people used to do when mourning their lost loved ones.
People started to wonder if the world had become a better place because of the plague. Some believed that God was angry with his creation and wanted to show it by killing everyone. Others said that it was punishment for sin.
The Black Death had a significant influence on art and literature. After 1350, European civilization as a whole became exceedingly morbid. The general tone was one of pessimism, and modern art became dismal with depictions of death. However, some artists took advantage of this situation to express themselves in new ways. For example, during this time period there were more poems written about love than ever before or since.
Also, the Black Death caused major changes in society by removing a large percentage of the population. There were not enough workers left to fill all the jobs that needed doing in Europe so unemployment rates rose to unprecedented levels. This instability in the economy led to social chaos and rebellion in many countries.
Finally, the Black Death caused scholars to re-evaluate the traditional ideas about knowledge transfer through writing. Before this time, it was believed that knowledge was preserved through oral tradition only. Now that much of the population was dead, there were too few people left to pass on their ideas orally. Therefore, scientists began to publish their work in books instead. These books became important tools for spreading new ideas about health, science, and technology.
In conclusion, the Black Death had a negative impact on literature because it made people pessimistic about life after death. Also, it caused society to become unstable which led to violence and rebellion against rulers.
From 1347 to 1352 CE, Europe was ravaged by the Black Death, which killed an estimated 25–30 million people. The illness, which is caused by a bacillus bacterium and spread by fleas on rodents, originated in Central Asia and was brought to the Crimea by Mongol troops and traders. It then spread across Asia and Africa, reaching Europe through Turkey and Syria. In France, Germany, and Italy, it wiped out between 50 and 90 percent of the population.
The disease first appeared in China around 130 years before it reached Europe. Since then, it has returned periodically, most recently in the late 20th century with the HIV/AIDS pandemic.
It was not until more than a decade after the last black death that scientists began to understand how and why this epidemic occurred. They learned that the Black Death was much more widespread than previously thought; instead of being limited to densely populated cities, it affected people in all parts of Europe. The disease also lasted longer than previous outbreaks had, killing many more people. Finally, scientists discovered that the plague was transmitted by rats but not necessarily only by rats. As we will see below, humans can be infected with its bacteria too.
Since 1350, there have been other large-scale epidemics of the plague, but they were all confined to regions where economic conditions made them likely candidates for disaster.