To begin with, early medieval art is clearly Christian. Its subjects are almost exclusively religious persons and situations. Holy men and women, saints and martyrs, kings and princes: everyone has a place in the art of the early Middle Ages.
However, secular topics also appear in early medieval art. There are images of hunters, musicians, and dancers before us now held by museums all over Europe. These images date from about 800 to 1200 and show that people were interested in depicting other aspects of life even though religion was far and away the most important thing in early medieval society.
Later in the century pictures that were probably made for churches appeared which included entire scenes taken from the Bible. These images often show animals being killed by priests or monks as a way of giving money to make more complete versions available for sale. They too deal with religious subjects but also include stories from mythology and history which show that popular culture was beginning to develop in Europe.
Medieval artists were certainly not alone in their studios. They worked under the direction of church leaders who wanted to show the world that there were other parts of life besides religion into which to channel funds. Thus, secular topics began to appear in early medieval art.
The subject matter of early medieval art, which frequently displays religious individuals and situations, was heavily impacted by early Christian Christianity. It also influenced aesthetic form, as seen in illuminated manuscripts, liturgical utensils, and High Cross sculptures. Painting was primarily done on panel or cloth, and when oil paint became available in the 11th century, it largely replaced tempera for artistic purposes.
Christianity affected how people thought about art. Before the rise of Islam in the 7th century, Christians believed that images were powerful tools used by the devil to lead people away from God. In order to protect themselves against this deception, they no longer wanted paintings hanging on their walls. They also felt that sculpture was a more accurate representation of reality than painting, so they didn't need pictures to remind them of past events or people.
However, not all Christians agreed with this approach. The early church included many artists who created images of saints and biblical figures in stone and wood. As well, some medieval churches had large stained-glass windows depicting scenes from Christ's life. Finally, some Catholic monasteries maintained workshops where artists made objects for the church and its community. These include gold and silver treasures used during ceremonies or hung as ornaments in religious buildings.
In conclusion, Christianity influenced art in medieval Europe by making people feel uncomfortable about painting portraits of living people.
Medieval art reflects the Christian and Catholic faith's ardent interest and idealistic expression. Architectural styles and interior décor reflected the people's profound religious conviction during the Middle Ages. Sculpture was an integral part of this art world.
Medieval sculpture served three main purposes: worship, education, and entertainment.
Monuments were erected to honor great men and women, often saints. They often included multiple-figure groups representing scenes from Christ's life or other important events in religion or history.
Museums display ancient artwork for our enjoyment and education. During the Middle Ages, these museums were located inside churches. Monastic libraries also contained many valuable manuscripts that were written centuries before printing became available in Europe. These manuscripts served as sources of knowledge for the scholars who studied them.
Entertainment was another purpose of medieval sculpture. It added beauty to cities with its statues, monuments, and fountains.
Sculpture was an expensive hobby that required trained artists. Most sculptors were also goldsmiths, woodworkers, or jewelers so they could afford to pay their bills while they pursued their artistic dreams.
Medieval sculpture is unique because it isn't made of stone but mostly metal (with some exceptions).