It was the first massive free-standing statue sculpted since the late Roman era. The masterpiece, according to the eminent Mannerist artist and writer Giorgio Vasari (1511–744), outperformed all ancient and contemporary sculptures in the history of sculpting. The sculpture is estimated to have been completed around 1513 and displayed for the first time in the newly built Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi in Rome. It soon became one of the city's most popular attractions with crowds gathering from across Europe to see it up close.
Scientists say that David is a good representation of a man because he has perfect symmetry, which is a common feature among most healthy human beings. Symmetry is important because it gives us an idea of how our bodies are supposed to look.
The only living person who has had his or her image carved into stone is Russian photographer Anastasia Lebedeva. In 2008, she gave birth to a daughter, Zina, who is the first child born after 3D imaging technology was used to create a portrait that can be carved into stone.
His most well-known work was a bronze statue of David that depicted an allegory of civic ideals triumphing over cruelty and irrationality. The monument was unique in that it was the first sculpture to stand alone, without the assistance of any building surrounds. It is said to have had such an impact that it helped to transform the city into a center for the arts.
Donatello was only thirty years old when he completed this work, but it shows an expert command of anatomy and human proportion that comes from long experience as a sculptor. Donatello used his knowledge of human anatomy to create a realistic representation of the biblical figure. He also incorporated other elements of classical art into his sculpture, including geometry, proportion, and symmetry.
The statue was so successful that it was copied throughout Europe. In 1516, one of these copies was returned to Florence after being stolen from a church there. This version was attributed to Giovan Francesco di Giorgio Martini, although some historians believe it may actually be by Donatello himself. Either way, it confirms the original work was very influential.
After the death of Michelangelo in 1564, Donatello became the leading sculptor in Italy. His style differed greatly from that of his rival, using more geometric forms and less detail than Michelangelo.
Michelangelo's Statue of David is perhaps the most renowned statue in the world today. The Arte della Lana (Guild of Wool Merchants), which was in charge of the repair and adornment of Florence Cathedral, commissioned Michelangelo to sculpt the David in 1501. The project was unsuccessful, but it provided Michelangelo with much-needed money and publicity when he later succeeded in completing his masterpiece, the Pope's Julius II.
According to some sources, the guild that hired Michelangelo for the David project were also responsible for financing the last years of his life. They paid for his trip to Rome where he completed the Pope's Julius II, as well as his burial expenses. However, this information has not been confirmed by any other source and is therefore considered speculative.
It is known that the Arte della Lana bought several of their products from Michelangelo himself. He sold them wool fabrics for costumes and clothes for members of the guild. It is also believed that they paid him in cash so that it could be used as a form of collateral if he needed it for another job. However, there is no direct evidence to support this theory.
The guild existed between 1350 and 1873. They were responsible for hiring and paying artists to create decorations and sculptures for public spaces such as churches, markets, and museums. In return, they would give them commissions and work on their projects.