Spray-Painted Graffiti is the world's oldest known art form. According to new study, the earliest artworks ever created by human hands were silhouettes of human hands. And they were produced in Indonesia, not Spain or France. The researchers came to this conclusion after analyzing 50 spray-painted stones found in caves in South East Asia.
These days, people often use words as graffiti. But more than 1,000 years ago, people began using pictures too. These are the earliest known picture graffities and they are 30 years older than any other find outside Europe.
In fact, most archaeologists believe that the first images of humans were made even earlier. Some have suggested that they could be as old as 100,000 years old! But these findings are based on just a few stones so they might not be accurate.
People started making drawings instead of just writing words because you can express so much more with pictures than with only letters. For example, you can express emotion, tell a story, make references to things around the artist... All kinds of ideas start coming into their heads once they start drawing.
Also, drawings are easier to read than written language. When you don't know what word to use or how it sounds, you can usually figure it out from the image.
The hand stencil (seen above, top right) is at least 39,900 years old, making it the earliest example of this ubiquitous ancient art style yet discovered (Nature, DOI: 10.1038/nature13422). Francesco d'Errico of the University of Bordeaux in France states, "The paintings are wonderful."
Stenciling is a very economical form of painting that allows artists to create large scenes with many elements in a relatively short amount of time. The technique uses a rigid template called a stencil to control the flow of paint onto a surface. Stencils can be made from many different materials including wood, bone, copper and even glass. They can be flat or three-dimensional.
Early stenciled images are found worldwide in areas with significant ice age influence such as Europe and North America. However, because most of these sites are excavated pieces of land that contain many artifacts, it is difficult to determine what object is responsible for each image. With the discovery of "The Hand" the artist's identity can now be established with certainty for the first time. The hand stencil was painted using red ochre and black pigment on a limestone substrate. It measures about 1 meter in height by 40 centimeters in width.
Stenciling is an extremely efficient way for artists to convey information about their subjects because many details can be included on each piece of stencil.
The oldest known paintings date back roughly 40,000 years and may be found in both the Franco-Cantabrian area of western Europe and caves in the Maros district (Sulawesi, Indonesia). They are images of animals, such as horses, reindeer, lions, and elephants, which have been cut from their natural background and placed on the wall of the cave. There they remain until someone discovers them. In many cases, people were living in the caves when these images were created.
There are two types of early paintings: free-standing images, which are only protected by thin layers of plaster or dirt; and cave drawings, which are covered by thick layers of white pigment (usually limestone) over which the artists drew their pictures. Free-standing images can reach dimensions of more than 3 feet high by 6 feet wide. Cave drawings are usually smaller.
It used to be thought that free-standing images were created first and that later artists tried to copy them. Now we know that this was not the case, because modern scientists have discovered traces of pigments in some of the bones of dead animals, which shows that people were creating paintings even before they existed.
People started making paintings long before they started making music.
Watercolor painting is said to be the earliest kind of painting, reaching back to cave paintings. They have, however, been in constant use since the Renaissance, when the artist Albrecht Durer popularized them. Oil colors, on the other hand, were invented between the fifth and tenth centuries by Indian and Chinese artists. They have been used since then except for some periods when watercolors were preferred for example during the French Revolution.
In conclusion, watercolor is older than oil paint.
The earliest known Stone Age art is from a later Stone Age era known as the Upper Paleolithic, which occurred around 40,000 years ago. Around this period, art began to appear in portions of Europe, the Near East, Asia, and Africa. It includes drawings and carvings made from rock or bone, often containing images of animals.
The oldest known human remains that can be attributed with certainty to the Stone Age were found in a cave in Israel's Sahara Desert. The artifacts included a number of flint knives about the size of a hand mirror, which are still usable after about 10,000 years in the cold desert climate.
These findings show that people were able to survive for a long time without any metals. However, they did use tools made from certain metals such as copper and iron.
People during this period used materials available in their environment to make tools. They never really went anywhere else to find materials that would help them build shelters and make weapons. By the end of the Stone Age, large areas of land were cleared of most vegetation so that only a few species of grass remained. Most of the world's land masses were covered in forests at the beginning of the Stone Age.
People at the end of the Ice Age began to rebuild their lives after the last ice sheet melted away. They started to settle down and move into more populated areas.