As a general guideline, 3/4 yard of 54" broad cloth will cover two seats. Three-quarters of a yard will provide two 27" × 27" pieces. Four chairs require 1.5 yards, six chairs require 2.25 yards, eight chair seats require 3 yards, and so on. A total of 10 yards of 54" wide fabric should be sufficient to furnish an eight-chair dining room.
The amount of material you need will depend on how fancy or simple you want your chairs to look. If you go for a more elegant style, then you'll need more fabric than if you wanted to create a more casual setting. There are many different types of fabric available on the market today. Some are good for indoor use only, others can be washed in water too, some are even flame retardant. It's best to choose something that matches the other furniture in your room but feels nice too!
When buying fabric, measure each seat before you buy to make sure you have enough material. Then, when it comes time to cut it out, divide the total length by the number of seats plus an extra inch for turning corners. This will give you the total width needed for all the seats.
Sofas tend to be larger than dining chairs so they need more fabric overall. One yard of fabric will cover one sofa seat.
You will require 48 inches of material. Determine the yards. Divide 36 by 48 if you need 48 inches of material. As a result, each chair requires 1.3 yards of cloth. You can buy 1.5-year-old clothing at thrift stores.
One yard of fabric equals 36 inches, and it takes about 2 yards for each cushion, allowing 1 inch for seams when you lay the individual pieces out to fit the 54-inch wide fabric. If you have three cushions, you will need approximately 6 yards of fabric just for the cushions alone. If you want a thicker piece of material, like leather, that will last longer, use 1-1/2 to 2 yards of fabric for each piece.
The amount of fabric you need depends on how thick you want your finished product to be. Thicker fabrics are more durable than thin ones. Cotton and linen are usually used for upholstery because they're easy to clean and maintain. Other options include wool, hair, or animal skins.
When choosing what type of fabric to use, consider how much wear and tear your furniture will receive. If you plan to keep it for many years, choose a quality item that will last and invest in some additional protection such as leather conditioners for leather items. Items that are displayed in open areas of the home may get dirty or torn easily; therefore, choose something that is versatile enough to allow for some dyeing or printing if you wish.
Upholstery materials can be expensive. It's best to buy only what you need at first until you find out how much fabric you actually need. This way you won't waste money on extra yards that don't end up being used.
|Sectionals: 24 – 34 yards||Square Ottoman: 2.5 yards|
|Benches (with backs): 6 yards||Benches (no backs): 3 yards|
|Club Chairs: 6 – 8 yards||Club Chairs with Ottomans: 8 – 9 yards|
|Basket Chairs: 5 yards||Swivel/Rockers: 8 yards|
Calculate the amount of cloth required for each cushion. Half a yard of cloth is required for cushions 14 to 18 inches length. One yard of cloth is required for cushions ranging in size from 19 to 24 inches. A chair cushion can be covered with half a yard of cloth.
Allow 12 yards of fabric as a starting point for a 6-foot-long, 2-cushion couch. For a 7-foot couch, increase it to 14 yards. For a couch with more than two cushions, add 1.5 yards of fabric each cushion, so a 7-foot-long, 6-cushion sofa would take roughly 20 yards of fabric.
The number of yards you need will depend on what kind of fabric you use, how full it is, and what style of upholstery work you want to do. For example, if you choose a light, thin material, such as gabardine, you'll need less yardage than if you select a heavy material, such as leather or corduroy. The amount of fabric you need also depends on how much stuffing you put in the cushions. If you only fill them half way, you'll need about 5 percent more yardage than if you fully stuff them. Finally, consider the style of your upholstery when choosing the right amount of fabric. If you make several of these couches, it's best to have more than one pattern of fabric so you can vary the look without making another trip to the store.
When buying fabric, keep in mind that higher quality fabrics are more expensive. You can usually get away with using lower-quality fabrics if you know how to select well-made products.
Run the tape measure from seam to seam down the back of the chair or couch to estimate its width and length. For each seam, add 1 inch. Divide the total length measurement by 36 inches to convert this measurement to yards. You will need approximately 3 yards of material for an average-size chair or couch.
You can also use a measuring wheel. Stand in front of a full-length mirror and lie on the floor with your body horizontal to the ground. Place the measuring wheel right against your stomach. Move it slowly across your skin until it hits the wall. This is one foot. Repeat with the other leg. The distance between these marks equals one yard.
Last but not least, you can estimate the size of your fabric by filling a laundry basket with clothes and then pulling out the same number of items that are needed for your project. If the clothes don't fit into the basket, then the basket is too big; if they do, then the basket is correct size for your project.
Now you know how to measure fabric for upholstery! Good luck with your project!