Leather Profits The industry norm for a 45-50 sq ft upholstery hide is a minimum of three 27" x 27" cuts or panels (see photos). While panels may frequently be combined for much bigger cuts, this is not guaranteed, and if larger cuts are required, please contact us before to ordering.
The most common type of leather used in upholstery is cowhide, which can only be comes from the front legs or belly of the animal. The term "cowhide" actually refers to any leather obtained from the carcass of a calf or young cow. Although older cows produce less desirable leather, they can also be used to make leather goods such as shoes and handbags. Pigskin (aka gluteus medius) is another type of leather used in upholstered furniture that comes from the back legs of the animal. It has a similar look and feel to cowhide but is white instead of brown. Sheepskin (or alpaca skin) is the name given to leather obtained by stripping the hair off of sheep's backs. The resulting product is light colored, soft, and flexible. It can be dyed various colors that will retain the hue once treated with a tanning agent like sodium hydroxide or chromium sulfate.
By volume, leather is made up of about 88% water and 12% protein. By weight, it is made up of about 94% water and 6% protein.
Based on hides averaging 50 to 55 s.f., the industry-accepted method for translating fabric yardage to leather square footage is one linear yard of 54" wide fabric equals 18 square feet of leather. Because of the uneven shape of the hides, there will always be some waste; this formula accounts for waste.
A common alternative method is to calculate the area of the hide using the formula: Area = 2πr*h where "r" is the radius of the circle containing the skin and "h" is the height of the skin in inches. For example, if the skin is 100 inches long and 30 inches wide, its area is 1,752 square inches. This number can be converted to square feet by dividing by 1524.
Yet another method is to calculate the volume of the hide using the formula: Volume = 4/3*π*r*r*h where "r" is the same as before and "h" is the height of the skin in inches. For example, if the skin is 100 inches long and 30 inches wide, its volume is 1,575 cubic inches.
Once you have determined the area or volume of your hide, you can estimate how much leather it will produce by multiplying the density of the leather by the amount you need. For example, if you need 10 pounds of leather, the hide must be 12 inches thick.
Please keep in mind that most leathers must be acquired in full hides about 50 square feet X ($11.25-$15+ per sq ft) = $560-$750 per hide. Some leathers are also available in half hides about 25 square feet X ($11.25-$15+ per sq ft) = $280-$375 per half hide. Full and half hides are usually sold together in quantities of four to a bundle. Hides are usually shipped to leather manufacturers directly from the ranch where they were harvested.
The price of leather depends on many factors, including species, color, condition, and size. Generally, the more expensive the leather, the better it will last. Very cheap leather items may look good for a while, but they won't hold up as well as more expensive ones.
Leather is an organic material and will break down over time. It will wear out through use or aging. Leather goods can be repaired if necessary; however, very little repair work can be done on leather shoes. If you need to replace the sole on a shoe, you'll have to buy another pair.
There are several types of leather.
Elk leather is ideal for manufacturing moccasins and other goods that need to be tough and long-lasting. Our Moose leather is also available by the hide and has a surface area of 25 to 28 square feet, making it ideal for moccasins, chaps, and other rough wear. Splits and #3 grade leather are priced per square foot or pound. Pricing varies depending on size.
As with any type of leather, its durability is dependent on how it's tanned. The darker the color, the more durable the leather. Light brown or white leather is the most common for shoes and accessories because it looks good without being dark. Black leather is used mainly for decorative items like handbags and briefcases because it looks nice without being bright.
When selecting what type of leather to use for your moccasin, consider how you plan to wear it. If you expect it to get wet often, choose water-resistant leather such as cowhide. If you plan to wear it during hunting or camping trips, select leather that's designed to withstand environmental factors such as heat, cold, rain, and snow. Finally, if you want your moccasin to look nice even after many hours on your feet, choose high-quality leather.
Moccasins are footwear that are primarily worn by men in the South American continent. They're made of leather or synthetic materials and usually have a flat sole and a round or oval shape.
Upholstery Many different animals' skins may be used to make leather, however cow hides are the most widely utilized. Cow hide may produce several types of leather, and the one you pick should be determined by the style you want for your leather furniture.
Leather is made from the skin of livestock such as cows, pigs, and sheep. The skin is tanned to make it softer and give it a brown or black color. Tanning is done using chemicals that destroy some of the protein in the skin while preserving the fiber. This preserves the look and feel of the original animal skin without requiring another layer to be added afterward.
Leather can be soft or hard depending on how it is finished after tanning. Soft leather takes on the colors and textures of whatever material was used during tanning. For example, if wood chips were used during tanning, then the resulting leather will also be covered in wood grains. Hard leather doesn't change color or texture when it's wet, but it does absorb dye more readily than soft leather.
The term "leather" is often used interchangeably with "upholstery", but this is incorrect. Upholstery is the material that covers a chair or sofa, while leather is the material that makes up the frame of these items. Most leather chairs and sofas have a combination of leather and other materials used in their construction.
So, how thick of leather do I require?
|Ounce Thickness||Common Projects|
|7 – 8 oz||moccasins, light sheaths, light holsters, belts|
|8 – 9 oz||standard belts, standard sheaths, straps, medium holsters|
|9 – 10 oz||heavy holsters, heavy belts, light armor|
|10 – 11 oz||heavy straps, medium armor|
You can thin your leather in three different ways without using a skiver. A sandpaper block, a kitchen putty knife, or an Exacto knife can be used to thin your leather. When using a sandpaper block, it is best to use a medium to coarse grit paper.
First, prepare your leather by removing any labels or other identifying material. Then, lay the leather out on a flat surface and use a medium grit sandpaper block to carefully remove some of the leather's thickness. You want to take off just enough leather so that the inside layer of the skin is visible.
Once the leather is thinned down, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water to prevent dust from getting into the leather. Then, dry the leather completely with a soft cloth or hair dryer before proceeding with the next step.
Next, choose which method you would like to use for cutting your leather. You can use a pair of scissors if you are working with small pieces of leather, or you can use a utility knife if you are working with larger sections of leather.
To use scissors, first trim away any excess leather around the edges of the piece you will be using. Next, cut along the straight edge of the leather, being careful not to cut into the flesh side.