Madhubani art has five main styles: Bharni, Katchni, Tantrik, Godna, and Kohbar. The oldest dated painting known to exist is a Bharni piece dating back to the 11th century. It is on display in the National Gallery of India in New Delhi.
Other important schools are that of Chitrakootia (where ancient paintings in caves can be seen) and Sohagpur (famous for its landscape paintings).
The modern era of Indian art began in the early 20th century with the rise of nationalism. Many great artists developed their own style during this time. Famous names include Jamini Roy, Nandalal Bose, BB Lal, and Gaitonde.
Since then, many new schools have emerged including post-modernism and visual poetry. Today, Indian art is popular not only in India but also around the world.
In conclusion, Indian art is a vast subject so there will never be enough space to cover it completely here. But we can say that it consists of many different kinds of paintings done by people from all over India over hundreds of years.
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Indian traditional painting styles Classical Indian art has a mystical feel to it. This area is exceedingly broad and may be divided into four major art schools: Rajasthani painting, Mughal painting, Deccani painting, and Pahari/Kangra painting. Each of these art schools has its own distinct style...
Traditional Indian music Music forms an integral part of Indian culture. The ancient sages established many musical instruments, such as the harp, drum, flute, and chitar (a stringed instrument similar to a guitar). The most famous instrument in India is without a doubt the sitar. It was originally created for royalty by the Hindu master craftsman Jnanadeva. Today, it is one of the most popular instruments in North America among people who enjoy Indian music.
Traditional Indian dance Dances are an important aspect of Indian culture. There are numerous dances that are performed at religious events or during ceremonial times on stage before an audience. Some of the more well-known dances are the bharatnatyam from Tamil Nadu, kathak from Delhi, and the tavaratra from Karnataka.
The term "Indian classical music" is used interchangeably with the terms "Sanskrit music" and "Music of India". Indian classical music is based primarily on melodic structures, rhythm, and orchestration drawn from Sanskrit texts.
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The Marwar school of art includes the Kishangarh and Bikaner styles of painting from Bikaner, Jodhpur, Nagaur, Pali, and Ghanerao. The paintings of this school are characterized by their use of bright colors and geometric designs on a white ground.
The Madhubani or "Mad" style is named after its origin town of Madhuban, 20 km from Seoni in northern India. It is known for its earthy colors such as brown, red, yellow, and green used in conjunction with ordinary materials like wood, bamboo, clay, and cloth.
The Jaipur School is based in Jaipur (Rajasthan state) and was established in 1872 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. The school's style is characterized by its use of bright colors and stylized animals and plants.
Other important schools include those of Malhar in Rajasthan and Gulbarg in Haryana state.
Rajasthani paintings are popular among tourists to India because of their vibrant colors and detailed artwork. Some collections of Rajasthani paintings can be found at museums in Delhi, Jaipur, Bikaner, and other cities across Rajasthan.