It took 14 years to sculpt Mount Rushmore. Mount Rushmore is a granite peak in South Dakota's Black Hills that has carvings of the likenesses of four presidents' heads. Gutzon Borglum, a sculptor, created the sculptures of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt. The faces were carved into the mountain between 1939 and 1945.
Each head represents one of the original 13 colonies. The sculpture is 34 feet (10 meters) high, 17 feet (5 meters) wide and weighs about 77,000 pounds (36,000 kilograms).
The project was commissioned by the American Legion as a memorial to the men who had given their lives during World War I. It was designed by Borglum, who used photographs of the soldiers as references for his work.
Borglum chose these particular presidents because they represented the different regions of the country and they were all dead. He also believed that they deserved such attention because of their contribution to our nation.
Mount Rushmore is world-famous and attracts many visitors each year. Although the peak is in South Dakota, the entrance to the national monument is in North Carolina because that's where Borglum lived at the time of its creation.
People come from all over the world to see the site where four great leaders' images are carved into a single stone figure.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial is a sculpture carved into the side of Mount Rushmore in South Dakota, United States. The Memorial features four American Presidents: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln, representing the first 130 years of American history. It was created by sculptor Frederick Hart for $750,000 ($ when it was completed in 1939).
The presidents were chosen because they represented the various elements of American life at the time of their selection. They also reflect the political diversity displayed by the early presidents - both Republican and Democrat. Washington, the "father of his country", was the president during the birth of our nation; Jefferson brought democracy to America; Teddy Roosevelt made America proud again; and Lincoln freed the slaves.
These days, tourists travel from all over the world to see the memorial with its four famous faces. Each year, more than five million people visit Mount Rushmore!
The idea for the sculpture came from Charles Russell Hancock, founder of the Hancock Museum in Wallingford, Pennsylvania. In 1937, he proposed that a group of artists create a large-scale bronze statue of the presidents for display in Washington, D.C. As part of his proposal, Mr. Hancock suggested that these artists cast the heads of the presidents and have them mounted on a mountain as a monument to the pioneers who helped build America.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial is a gigantic sculpture cut into South Dakota's Black Hills area. The sculpture, which was completed in 1941 under the guidance of Gutzon Borglum and his son Lincoln, stands approximately 60 feet tall and depicts the faces of U.S. presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham. Lincoln is not depicted because he died before being elected president.
The carving itself measures about 9,874 square feet (930 m²). Including the land, it is estimated that the total size of the sculpture is about 105,000 square feet (10,000 m²).
Have you ever wondered how many cubic yards are in Mount Rushmore? The answer is 12,500, but that's not all! If you include the land, the total size of the artwork is about 105,000 square feet (10,000 m²).
In conclusion, the sculpture on Mount Rushmore is 12,5 thousand cubic yards (or 10 million pounds) of solid silver!