How does abstract expressionism develop?

How does abstract expressionism develop?

The Abstract Expressionist movement is widely thought to have started with the paintings of Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning in the late 1940s and early 1950s. De Kooning created brightly colored and textured works with exceptionally strong and emotive brushstrokes. Pollock used drip painting - a technique where large quantities of paint are poured onto the canvas from above, usually while it is on the floor or a table, allowing it to roll around freely.

These techniques were new and controversial at the time they were being developed. Many critics and observers felt that they were unproductive and wasteful, which may have been true in terms of creating a traditional art world hierarchy, but that perception changed as these methods became more popular.

Pollock and de Kooning were not alone in using this approach. Other prominent painters working in an abstract expressionist style include Robert Motherwell, Mark Rothko, Victor Vasarely, and Henry Moore. However, it was they who made the most impact on later artists' work.

The term "abstract expressionism" was first used by John Bernard Myers in 1949 to describe the style of painting that was emerging in America. It was originally used to differentiate this style from European abstract art, but over time it has become synonymous with it.

There are several factors that may explain the emergence of abstract expressionism in the United States.

Who paints abstracts?

Abstract Expressionism was a large painting movement in the United States that began in the late 1940s and became a dominating trend in Western painting throughout the 1950s. Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline, and Mark Rothko were the most notable American Abstract Expressionist artists.

All of these men were influenced by the works of French artist Paul Cézanne, who developed a more realistic style of painting that focused on natural appearances rather than imaginary scenes. The term "abstract" in abstract expressionism means to eliminate all traces of representation, instead focusing on the emotional response that the viewer experiences when looking at the work.

Pollock painted almost exclusively with oil paint on canvas, allowing for many layers of color to be applied simultaneously with no underpainting layer. He also used other materials occasionally, such as newspapers and old bottles. These elements are included in the description of his work because they can give clues about his thoughts while creating paintings.

De Kooning was one of the first American painters to develop his own style, which was strongly influenced by Cézanne's work. Like many Abstract Expressionists, he used thick impasto (heavy loads of pigment mixed with water) to create intense colors and blurred shapes. He also used various tools to create marks and textures on his canvas, including knives, brushes, spoons, or even his teeth.

Which of the following artists was part of the Abstract Expressionist movement?

They were all influenced by abstract art in Europe and used their own personal styles to create many paintings that include large blocks of color that appear to move when viewed from a distance.

Pollock was the first major American artist to paint with energetic brushstrokes en plein air (outdoors). He also used many different materials including tar, egg yolk, and even shoe polish for painting. His work is characterized by its huge amounts of energy and raw emotion that can be seen as a response to the cultural revolution of the 1950s.

De Kooning was one of the first painters to use only black and white as his sole colors. He explained that "color is something you add to life, but value is what makes painting real." This means that shape is more important than color and adds realism to his works.

Kline was an early adopter of modernism who traveled extensively throughout Europe before moving to New York City. His work is very geometric with clear lines and often includes only white or gray space.

What is an abstract expressionist artist?

Abstract expressionism refers to new kinds of abstract art produced in the 1940s and 1950s by American artists such as Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, and Willem de Kooning. It is frequently distinguished by gestural brushstrokes or mark-making, as well as the feeling of spontaneity. The term "abstract expressionism" was coined by Museum of Modern Art curator Hans Hoffman in 1946.

These artists were among many who reacted against the rationalized, stylized imagery of modern art by exploring different techniques and materials. They rejected any specific subject matter in order to express their feelings about life and the world around them. As Hofmann wrote in his essay "The New Spirit in Painting": "The young American artists of today want to express themselves freely and spontaneously. They use their brushes as knives with which to carve into the surface of their paintings."

Pollock, who was born on July 2, 1893, grew up in rural Texas. He studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and then traveled through Europe for several years before returning to America in 1929. By this time, he had adopted a more energetic painting style that included large blocks of color and thick layers of paint.

During the late 1930s, Pollock became famous for his large-scale drip paintings that some critics believe are references to Indian rituals. In 1942, however, he stopped making drips altogether and started using only entirely blue or red paints.

About Article Author

Patricia Hedges

Patricia Hedges is an art enthusiast, creative genius, and all-around amazing person. She graduated from the University of Michigan with a degree in Art History, and she's been working in the art industry ever since. Patricia has an eye for detail and the ability to see beauty in everything. Her job takes her all over the world, but she always keeps her true passion hidden away- painting. Patricia has a special relationship with art because it allows her to explore her inner world and express emotions through different mediums.

Disclaimer

TexturaTrading.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.

Related posts