If a resource does not have an author, do not use "anonymous," but rather the title of the resource, according to the MLA Style Center. In-text citations should use an abbreviated title of the work rather than the author's name. An example would be "The Chicago Manual of Style" instead of "The Chicago Manual of Style by Smith and Grady."
If you are using an anonymous source, it is acceptable to cite the source as "(source)." If you cannot identify the source, such as when using online information, it is acceptable to cite it as "(web site)."
Here are some other examples of how to introduce an article: "An article written about X claims Y." "An online article says that Z." "An article on the Internet says that..." "An unnamed source says that..."
Using any or all of these techniques will help readers understand that you are introducing an article while not identifying the source personally.
When there is no known author for a source, use the work's shorter title rather of the author's name. If it's a short work (such as an article), put the title in quotation marks; italicize it if it's a larger work (e.g., plays, novels, television series, full Web sites), and provide a page number if one is available. In general, avoid using titles as sentence fragments.
For example, "The dog was hungry" would be cited as "The dog was hungry. It ate its way through three bowls of ice cream." Although this might be interesting to readers, it's not very helpful for scholars who want to know more about the origins of food taboos. The first thing they should do is check the list of sources at the end of your paper or project report. In this case, the reader would look up "hungry dog" in the bibliography and find reference to the article by De Bary.
Similarly, "A cat sat on a mouse" would be cited as "A cat sat on a mouse. It killed it." This story has little relevance to readers interested in animal behavior, so they wouldn't bother looking it up. Instead, they would move on to reading another project or paper. However, this story could be important in a study of medieval folklore, so it would be appropriate to cite it as evidence for the existence of mice in those days.
In general, avoid citing names as sentence fragments.
In MLA style, the title of an article is placed in quote marks rather than italicized. This includes articles from journals, newspapers, websites, and any other type of publishing. The title of the source where the article was published should be italicized. For example, "The American Journal of Medicine" is not italicized, but "American Journal of Medicine" is.
Use single quotes to indicate a title of an article written by someone else. For example, if I wrote an article titled "How do you write the title of an online article?" I would use single quotes around the title. These can be found on most text editors as 'quotes' or'manuscript' characters.
A question mark is used at the end of a sentence when asking a question. So my last example would look like this: '"How do you write the title of an online article?" A question mark is used at the end of a sentence when asking a question.
An exclamation point is used at the end of a sentence to express emotion.
If there is no author given, an article should be credited by a shorter title of the work that can be used in place of the author. For example, "A Dance with Dragons" would be a suitable title for the final book in the Song of Ice and Fire series.
All articles should contain a reference to their data source. This could be another article or document within your own repository or even a website outside of GitHub. You should always try to use reliable sources of information, which are kept up-to-date. If an article doesn't contain a reference, it means that the authors did not find one sufficient enough for inclusion. In this case, you should include your own reference to the relevant material instead.
The standard method for referencing an article is to give the title followed by the date published with no space between them. So, "A Dance with Dragons" would be referred to as "2013", but "An article about my favorite hobby" would be referred to as "2016".
It is acceptable to put multiple references in a single citation, provided they all refer to the same article. For example, "Article X also mentions document Y" would be referenced as "Article X (2013) - Document Y".
Citations are included into the conversation using the author's last name and the date of publication. When there is no known author for a work, reference the first few words of the article title in text using double quotation marks, "headline" capitalization, and the year. For example, if the title is "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog", reference that sentence would be cited as follows: Brown et al. " The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog". Journal of Animal Science 83(4): 641-648.
References must be published works that have been previously presented at scientific meetings or in academic journals. They should be relevant to the topic being discussed in the paper and should not be used to promote commercial products or services. Using references from popular books or magazine articles will likely get your paper rejected by most editors. References should be listed at the end of your paper in alphabetical order by first author last name.
An article with no known author can be referred to as "Anonymous". In this case, reference the first few words of the article title, followed by the year. An example would be "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog 2014". This citation means that the study was published in 2014 and was titled "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog".
The MLA in-text citation style, for example, employs the author's last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is derived (Smith 163). If the source does not utilize page numbers, omit the number from the parenthetical citation: (Smith).
If the source does not contain an author, use a shorter form of the title, generally the first one or two words, but not terms like "The" or "A." If no page number is given, the citation does not include that information.
Examples: Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley's Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus is a novel by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley about a scientist who creates life out of dead tissue. It was published in 1818.
The above quotation is from a sentence in the foreword by Pauline Melia that begins "This book is written in a style somewhat different from the usual novel." Its absence of a name or author indicates that the statement is made by someone who is not responsible for its content. This fact may help readers identify facts they may not know otherwise. For example, if the quotation were from a book by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, it would be possible to determine this by reading the quotation and the title together. There are other ways to identify the source of quotations used in essays, such as by including reference letters at the end of your paper, but the lack of an author makes this difficult if not impossible to do accurately without knowing who said it first-hand.
In general, avoid using anonymous sources unless you have confirmed their identity through other means.