If you include an in-text reference to an online module text, you must provide the year of module commencement rather than the year of publication. As an example: Author (year module began) or (Author, year of module start). * The module code, block number, and title (separated by a comma).
Citation in the text:
The standard style for citing journal articles.
Citing online pages that do not have an author or a date In your in-text citation, use a shorter version of the title. The initial words of your Works Cited item must match the first words of your shorter title. The title of the article The name of the website, the date, the month, the year, and the URL all appear in the Reference list.
If the website has a general page about itself, such as "About Us," use that statement in lieu of an author name or date. This is known as the anonymous web site. If there is no such general page, try to find some information on the company that owns the website. This may be found in an About page or in a press release. You can also search Google for articles written about the company. Include the word "company" in your search query. For example, "Company Name" returns results relating to that company.
Finally, if all else fails, include the URL (uniform resource locator) in your in-text citation. This will allow readers to click the link and view the page themselves.
MLA is the most common form of citation for websites. It is short for Modern Language Association. The website includes a link to the organization's standard of care, which states what format should be used for citations.
Use the name of the author of the introduction, prologue, or preface in the citation, even if they are not the author of the book (e.g., an introduction written by an editor). When the author's name is not given in the text, the citation includes the author's name in brackets and the year of publication. For example, King (1992) would be used instead of King 1992.
Citations for letters, petitions, and reports should include only the date on which they were published or submitted to government agencies. The names of the writers can be found using the library catalog. See also E-mail: how to reference e-mail.
If there is no author for a dictionary or encyclopedia item, the title should be included in the in-text citation. The entry's title should be in quote marks, with each word beginning with a capital letter. The entry's title will be followed by a comma and the year it was published. You can also include a short description of the article's content within the sentence if needed.
In addition to the title, most dictionaries have a short definition written by an expert within the field. This definition should also be cited within the text using italics and a short definition code. Definition codes are available on page 7 of most dictionaries. These definitions are often too long to fit within a single sentence so they are usually divided into several lines of text with a semicolon separating each line. The first few letters of the definition code should be used as a label for these paragraphs.
Finally, encyclopedias contain articles on various topics written by different authors. These articles are called encyclopedic entries. Each entry must include a short title describing the topic covered in more detail than the general title of the encyclopedia. Within the text, the entry title should be cited in quotation marks like any other phrase or word. In addition, each entry has one or more paragraphs of text that further describe the subject. These paragraphs use the definition code described above but with a special abbreviation instead of the full name of the dictionary: Encyclopedia.
Every in-text citation in your article must be accompanied by a comparable item in your reference list. The APA in-text citation style, for example, employs the author's last name and the year of publication, as in: (Field, 2005). Include the page number for direct quotations, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). Indent the first line of each reference entry.
References should be listed in order of appearance, with the most relevant cited first. There are two ways to include references in your document: single paragraph citations or full-length entries. For single paragraph citations, use the text form of the citation, including the author's last name and the date of publication if applicable. For example, (Field, 2005) or (Field, J.D., 2005). These can then be followed by additional text relating to the reference.
If your reference list is longer than one page, start new pages for each additional entry. Use footnotes or endnotes within the text of your article to identify references that need to be included but not printed in the final version. These can be included in the manuscript before it is submitted for review or after it has been published.
Always provide complete information for references, including titles, authors, journals, date, page numbers etc. Failure to do so may result in the loss of credit for these sources.
The Fundamentals of In-Text Citation