New media art has evolved to refer to an open-ended genre of creative activity in which works of art are created using newly emerging media technologies. New media artists often borrow concepts and techniques from other disciplines, such as architecture, cinema, music, and literature, to create their work.
New media artists may use computers as tools for creating audio, video, or interactive experiences. The field first emerged in the mid-1970s with the development of computer graphics programs that could be used by non-programmers to create images. In 1978, filmmaker John Lasseter released a film called Adventure Time made entirely with computer graphics, which is considered the first new media piece. In 1984, musician Steve Vai released a solo album called Enlightenment that uses complex guitar techniques originally developed for rock bands but here applied to an electronic instrument called the synthsaw. This album is also considered a pioneering work in new media art.
In the 1990s, new media artists began to experiment with sound files instead of pictures because text cannot be edited like photos. For example, artist Tony O'Hara created a series of paintings called "word clouds" by typing words into a website form and then clicking "generate" to see what word clouds look like.
Wikipedia is a free encyclopedia. A new media artist may make works of art using the following media: the Internet, computer hardware, and computer software (servers, routers, personal computers, database applications, scripts, and computer files). New media artists often work in traditional arts disciplines such as painting, sculpture, and printmaking.
New media artists typically use technology as a tool rather than as an end in itself. They may create interactive installations or websites that are accessible to users physically or virtually. New media artists may also experiment with digital video, audio, or other electronic materials.
Some new media artists focus on particular topics within new media art, others focus on making a variety of works that all fall under the umbrella of new media. Still others may have one or more "careers" in new media art, while working as a painter, sculptor, or photographer during their off-hours.
New media artists should have a background in one or more disciplines related to computers and the internet. These could include computer science, electrical engineering, programming languages such as Lisp or Java, web technologies such as HTML or CSS, creative techniques such as animation, graphics, or videography.
In addition, new media artists should have a passion for creating something new and innovative.
Photography, film, print media, digital media, and product and industrial design are examples of media-based art and design movements (also called applied arts). They all involve the creation of something new that is intended to communicate an idea or message. Media-based art forms include but are not limited to sculpture, painting, drawing, video, music, dance, and other performing and visual arts.
Media-based art forms can be used as a tool for social commentary by artists such as Andy Warhol or Jean-Michel Basquiat. They can also serve as a vehicle for entertainment such as film or television shows- which is what we will focus on here.
In order for something to be considered media based, it must use a physical medium to create an image on paper, canvas, screen, etc. Digital images produced by computers do not qualify as media based artwork because they are two-dimensional and cannot physically exist outside of a computer memory device. Data discs, tapes, and files containing digital information are useful tools for archiving work but they do not themselves constitute artwork.
The term "media based" applies to any kind of artistic expression that uses physical materials to create some kind of image.
The material and tools used by an artist, musician, or designer to make a piece of art are referred to as arts media; for example, "pen and ink," where the pen is the tool and ink is the substance. When you add water to ink, you get paint.
An art form is any systematic way of creating works of art that can be displayed or performed in order to communicate ideas, emotions, etc. The most common art forms are painting, drawing, sculpture, and music. The term is generally applied only to works that have aesthetic values independent of their intended use: for example, a useful object such as a spoon could be called artistic if it is made by an artist.
A practitioner of art is someone who makes art. They may do so with the help of special tools or not. Practitioners include artists of all kinds, from painters to potters, musicians to sculptors. A practitioner does not need to be a professional in order to create art; many children enjoy making drawings and paintings that they show to others when they grow up. However, some children may want to continue making art but cannot afford to do so unless they start working with money instead of fun as a motive.
Artists often work alone or in small groups.